3 reasons why I’d invest £20k in a Stocks and Shares ISA today

first_img Image source: Getty Images. See all posts by Peter Stephens Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Peter Stephens | Sunday, 7th February, 2021 FREE REPORT: Why this £5 stock could be set to surge I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. Enter Your Email Address A plan to invest £20k, or any other amount, in a Stocks and Shares ISA could be a profitable strategy over the long run. After all, many UK shares currently trade at relatively low prices that may undervalue their prospects.Furthermore, the stock market has a long track record of recovering from even its very worst downturns. And an ISA is exempt from tax. That means its returns could be relatively high when compared to a standard share-dealing account.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…Buying cheap stocks in a Stocks and Shares ISAFollowing the 2020 stock market crash, it is still possible to buy UK shares at cheap prices. This may have a positive impact on an investment in a Stocks and Shares ISA over the long run, since purchasing an asset for less than it is worth can lead to attractive returns.Clearly, not every cheap share offers a mix of financial strength and long-term growth potential. Therefore, it is important to check every company thoroughly before purchasing it. However, with many sectors such as banking, energy and retail containing large companies with dominant market positions that trade at low prices, there seem to be numerous opportunities to buy undervalued shares.Stock market recoveryA stock market recovery is never guaranteed to lift the valuation of any Stocks and Shares ISA. After all, a recovery may never occur, or it could fail to positively impact on the valuations of specific stocks that are held in an ISA.However, the past performance of indexes such as the FTSE 100 shows that it has always returned to previous record highs following its declines. Therefore, owning a diverse range of companies in an ISA could lead to high capital returns.Tax efficiency of an ISACompared to a regular share-dealing account, a Stocks and Shares ISA offers significant tax advantages. For example, there is no dividend tax or capital gains tax charged on investments made through an ISA. This could lead to significant tax savings over the long run that produces a larger nest egg.An ISA is also just as easy to open as a standard share-dealing account. It can be done online in a matter of minutes. It offers flexibility in terms of withdrawals being tax and penalty-free. Its cost is likely to be higher than that of an ordinary share-dealing account, but this charge could be more than fully offset by the potential tax savings.Risk reduction in a Stocks and Shares ISAOf course, buying and holding UK shares a Stocks and Shares ISA is, by its very nature, a relatively risky investment. However, through building a diverse portfolio of high-quality companies when they trade at low prices, it is possible to capitalise on a likely long-term stock market recovery. This could lead to a surprisingly large ISA portfolio over the coming years. 3 reasons why I’d invest £20k in a Stocks and Shares ISA today Get the full details on this £5 stock now – while your report is free. Are you on the lookout for UK growth stocks?If so, get this FREE no-strings report now.While it’s available: you’ll discover what we think is a top growth stock for the decade ahead.And the performance of this company really is stunning.In 2019, it returned £150million to shareholders through buybacks and dividends.We believe its financial position is about as solid as anything we’ve seen.Since 2016, annual revenues increased 31%In March 2020, one of its senior directors LOADED UP on 25,000 shares – a position worth £90,259Operating cash flow is up 47%. (Even its operating margins are rising every year!)Quite simply, we believe it’s a fantastic Foolish growth pick.What’s more, it deserves your attention today.So please don’t wait another moment. Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee.last_img read more

Water Shortage Warning Order rescinded as groundwater levels recover

first_img From the St. John’s River Water Management DistrictThe St. Johns River Water Management District’s Governing Board voted to rescind the districtwide Water Shortage Warning Order following an extended period of increased rainfall.The Water Shortage Warning Order was originally issued in March 2017 due to below-average rainfall and declining hydrogeologic conditions. The purpose of the order was to increase awareness for the need to conserve water during drought conditions and ensure sufficient water was available to meet the needs of people and the environment.A brief report outlining August’s hydrological conditions was also presented, which included limited data related to Hurricane Irma, as storm-related information is still being collected and assessed.Counties with above-average monthly rainfall include Flagler with 8.49 inches, Lake with 8.25 inches, Volusia with 7.76 inches, Putnam with 7.61 inches, Marion with 7.87 inches and Nassau with 6.87 inches.Brevard, Indian River, Okeechobee and Osceola counties received below-average monthly rainfall, resulting in a deficit of two or more inches for each county.More information about the district’s hydrological conditions can be found online at www.sjrwmd.com.About the St. Johns River Water Management DistrictSt. Johns River Water Management District staff are committed to ensuring the sustainable use and protection of water resources for the benefit of the people of the district and the state of Florida. The St. Johns River Water Management District is one of five districts in Florida managing groundwater and surface water supplies in the state. The district encompasses all or part of 18 northeast and east-central Florida counties. District headquarters are in Palatka, and staff also are available to serve the public at service centers in Maitland, Jacksonville and Palm Bay. Gov. DeSantis says new moment-of-silence law in public schools protects religious freedom LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply UF/IFAS in Apopka will temporarily house District staff; saves almost $400,000 Please enter your comment! You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here Please enter your name here Florida gas prices jump 12 cents; most expensive since 2014 Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter TAGSSt. Johns River Water Management District Previous articleIconic pastor comes to Apopka on a mission to eradicate homelessnessNext articleCentral Florida Foundation activates Hurricane Irma Relief Fund Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHORlast_img read more

Show him respect but there’s no need to call Nigel Owens ‘Sir’

first_imgWednesday Dec 12, 2018 Show him respect but there’s no need to call Nigel Owens ‘Sir’ He’s known as the king of one-liners so when Oxford and Cambridge met in the annual Varsity Match a few days back, Nigel Owens did not disappoint as he came out with another comment that led to a few chuckles in the commentary box and perhaps the disapproval of those in west Wales.ADVERTISEMENTFormer Saracens and London Irish full-back Ben Ransom starred for Oxford as they won the match convincingly with five tries to one, for a 38-16 scoreline.The win for Oxford was their 60th, as they moved within three of Cambridge’s 63 overall wins.Referee Owens took charge of the contest, following in the footsteps of fellow Welshman Derek Bevan, who oversaw the Varsity match in 1993. “So many of the greatest referees have officiated at the Varsity match at Twickenham,” Owens said before the match.Midway through the first half he took an opportunity to have a drink, when his usual wit kicked into play.Of course, respect for the referee is part and parcel of what makes rugby great so it’s commonplace that players call referee’s ‘Sir’. And long may it continue.ADVERTISEMENTYou can watch a replay of the full match belowOwens was also in fine form recently when France hosted South Africa in Paris.ADVERTISEMENT Posted By: rugbydump Share Send Thanks Sorry there has been an error Funnies Related Articles 29 WEEKS AGO WATCH: American reacts to brilliant Nigel… 29 WEEKS AGO Video of John Kirwan apologising while wearing… 29 WEEKS AGO Simon Zebo reveals how ‘absolute lunatic’… From the WebThis Video Will Soon Be Banned. Watch Before It’s DeletedSecrets RevealedYou Won’t Believe What the World’s Most Beautiful Girl Looks Like TodayNueeyUrologists Stunned: Forget the Blue Pill, This “Fixes” Your EDSmart Life ReportsWrinkle Remedy Stuns TV Judges: Forget Surgery, Do This Once DailySmart Life ReportsIf You Have Ringing Ears Do This Immediately (Ends Tinnitus)Healthier Living30+ Everyday Items with a Secret Hidden PurposeNueeyThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancellast_img read more

Charities’ pandemic-driven innovation & digital growth expected to last through 2021

first_img  295 total views,  2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis About Melanie May Melanie May is a journalist and copywriter specialising in writing both for and about the charity and marketing services sectors since 2001. She can be reached via www.thepurplepim.com. “The story of Covid through 2020 for the charity sector has been one of huge challenge, but also of resilience, flexibility, and innovation. As we look ahead to 2021, we will need to learn the lessons of what worked last year and embed some of the flexibility and innovation that we’ve seen in fundraising activity. But we also have to be realistic that the charity sector will start 2021 smaller than it was in 2020 and that a full ‘recovery’ is unlikely to be seen this year.”Roberta Fusco, Director of Policy and Communications at Charity Finance Group also called on the government to add its support, saying:“Charities and social change organisations of all sizes have shown huge amounts of resilience, adaptability and decisive action through 2020. The imperative to keep rapidly adapting will continue through 2021. The capacity to remain flexible and adaptable relies on financial sustainability, which is under serious threat for many.“Charities have stepped up to deliver and adapt at pace and have pulled on all the levers at their disposal, but they still face 2021 with hope – now government needs to do the same in their support of never more needed charities and not give up on the millions of beneficiaries who rely on the public benefit they deliver.” Charities’ pandemic-driven innovation & digital growth expected to last through 2021 AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThiscenter_img Tagged with: COVID-19 Digital innovation Melanie May | 8 January 2021 | News Charities expect to continue building on the innovation they have shown during the pandemic with the increasing shift towards digital and collaboration expected to last and keep growing during 2021.New research from the Pro Bono Economics Covid Charity Tracker, produced in partnership with Charity Finance Group and the Chartered Institute of Fundraising, shows that there has been wide-spread innovation and invention through the charity sector as a result of Covid-19.Fundraising, service delivery and day-to-day operations have moved online, with three quarters (77%) of charities having made greater use of digital and technology during the pandemic, and two thirds (67%) innovating to deliver services remotely.The majority, 7 in 10 of the charities surveyed, want to make more services digital and deliver new services remotely over the next 12 months. Over half (54%) want to increase their use of technology and digital within their back office functions.Collaboration has also risen up the agenda. 50% of charities say they are looking to collaborate more with others in their sector, up from 30% in August last year. Anya Martin, Senior Research and Policy Analyst at Pro Bono Economics, said:“Voluntary and charitable organisations have a long history of overcoming adversity. 250 years ago, they rose to the world-altering challenge of the Industrial Revolution. Following the last financial crisis, the sector pivoted towards new sources of earned income when other sources of funding fell away. This crisis is no different.“Much about the months and years ahead are uncertain and the funding gap is a flashing red light on the sector’s dashboard. Yet a determined focus on collaboration and digital innovation means it is possible the charity sector emerges from the pandemic more closely knit and more efficient in the long-term – ultimately able to help more people, more effectively.”Among the challenges faced by charities, the report also highlights that while 35% wish to enhance their relationships with business, previous surveys have revealed that these have struggled during the pandemic with just under a third (28%) of charities reporting a decline in corporate giving in 2020.In addition, one in four charities (25%) anticipate it taking at least two years for income to return to pre-Covid levels, and 81% expect Covid to negatively affect their ability to deliver their objectives over the six months ahead.Daniel Fluskey, Head of Policy and External Affairs at Chartered Institute of Fundraising said: Advertisementlast_img read more

Third man released from garda detention

first_imgAdvertisement NewsLocal NewsThird man released from garda detentionBy admin – March 2, 2010 525 A 51-year-old man that was being detained by gardai for questioning in connection with the murder of Daniel Treacy, has been released on Tuesday afternoon. Gardai arrested the man on the northside of the city last Thursday and was detained at Roxboro Road garda station. The man was released without charge, but a file is being prepared for the DPP. Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up Daniel Treacy was shot dead at the Topaz filling station on the Ennis Road on the morning February 22 last. One man, 29-year-old, unemployed, John Coughlan from Pineview Gardens, Moyross was charged on Monday night with the murder. Previous articleSpecial needs care workshops delivered by US expertsNext articleGive us a boat, plead firefighters admin Twitter WhatsAppcenter_img Linkedin Facebook Print Emaillast_img read more

Combating Urban Blight With Cheap Homes in Detroit

first_img The Week Ahead: Nearing the Forbearance Exit 2 days ago Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago About Author: Seth Welborn Auction Foreclosure Home Renovation 2019-07-29 Seth Welborn Combating Urban Blight With Cheap Homes in Detroit Homes in Detroit are being auctioned off for as low as $1,000, with a catch: the new owners must renovate the homes into livable conditions within six months, Business Insider reports. The program, from the Detroit Land Bank Authority (DLBA), intends to restore many of the run-downed homes in the city to a usable state.Bidders can make offers through the DLBA online platform, Auction. According to Alyssa Strickland, the DLBA’s public information officer, the goal of the program is to encourage residents who are currently renting to invest in the community by becoming homeowners, and has sold 3,304 homes since the program’s inception in 2014.”It’s important to us that we aren’t selling to real-estate speculators,” Strickland said on Business Insider. “Our programs are designed to be for people who want to be primary residents.”After six months of ownership, a compliance officer will deem whether or not the home is livable, and if it is, complete ownership will be transferred to the winning bidder.Other programs in Detroit, such as the Detroit Home Mortgage program (DMH), are also seeking to improve homeownership rates in the city. The DMH is working to increase homeownership in the city by lending qualified buyers the money needed to both purchase and renovate homes in the city. DMH borrowers can receive two loans: for the appraised value of the home and the second for the gap between the home’s sale price and its appraised value, while also covering the cost of renovations.Despite the assistance of programs like the DMH and the DLBA’s Auction, Detroit is still facing a foreclosure crisis. According to GOBankingRates and data from Zillow, 34.4% of homes in the city are currently underwater, and the median home value at the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn metro-area level is $161,300, far below the national median of $226,300. GOBankingRates puts Detroit second on its list of U.S. cities most likely to enter a housing crisis. Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Seth Welborn is a Reporter for DS News and MReport. A graduate of Harding University, he has covered numerous topics across the real estate and default servicing industries. Additionally, he has written B2B marketing copy for Dallas-based companies such as AT&T. An East Texas Native, he also works part-time as a photographer. Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Previous: Fighting Foreclosures on the Hill Next: Fed Rate Drop Ahead? Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Tagged with: Auction Foreclosure Home Renovation in Daily Dose, Featured, Investment, Market Studies, News The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days agocenter_img July 29, 2019 1,366 Views The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Share Save Related Articles Home / Daily Dose / Combating Urban Blight With Cheap Homes in Detroit Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago  Print This Post Sign up for DS News Daily Subscribelast_img read more

PIL Filed In MP HC Demanding Imposition Of NSA For Holding Large Political Gatherings Violating COVID-19 Norms In The State [ Read Petition]

first_imgNews UpdatesPIL Filed In MP HC Demanding Imposition Of NSA For Holding Large Political Gatherings Violating COVID-19 Norms In The State [ Read Petition] Sparsh Upadhyay13 Sep 2020 4:25 AMShare This – xA Petition has been filed before the Madhya Pradesh High Court (Indore Bench) seeking directions for the respondents to take actions under the ‘National Securities Act 1980’ (NSA), against the persons responsible for organising political gatherings in the State and to stop political campaigns violating Covid-19 norms. The Petition has been filed by a social worker Kamal Bhagwat through…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginA Petition has been filed before the Madhya Pradesh High Court (Indore Bench) seeking directions for the respondents to take actions under the ‘National Securities Act 1980’ (NSA), against the persons responsible for organising political gatherings in the State and to stop political campaigns violating Covid-19 norms. The Petition has been filed by a social worker Kamal Bhagwat through Advocate Abhijeet Yadav claiming that the leaders of Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP) have been organising large public gatherings in the areas scheduled to undergo polls, thus, violating precautionary guidelines issued, posing health risk to the public at large.The Petition specifically states,”The public at large is being exposed to the deadly threat of the COVID-19 as the situation could be worse than what happened in the Nizamuddin Markaz incident of the COVID-19 spread when the total numbers of COVID-19 cases were below 5000 in the Country”The petitioner has also declared in the petition that “in spite of various representations have been made before the authorities, this issue has neither being dealt or decided nor any actions on the persons responsible for such an act has been taken to date.”The subject-matter of the Petition in briefThe Petition states that the Election Campaigning is being done by the politicians of BJP in various areas of the state where the by-elections are to be conducted and the politicians of BJP are continuously organising public relations camps and social gatherings at large scale.The Petition further contends that, while on one side, in the current situation of the pandemic, social distancing is being followed and various precautions are being taken, but on the other hand, large scale social gatherings are being organised by the politicians, and which may expose the lives of not only the people participating in such gatherings but also the other citizens to deadly risk and no action is being taken by the respondents herein.The Petitioner has also submitted that the special guidelines and rules (related to COVID-19) are being followed and the punishments are also given to the persons violating such special guidelines and rules, but neither any punishment is being given, nor any restrictions are being imposed on the workers and politicians of the BJP as it happens to be the Governing party in the State.The Petition further claims that the biased nature of the administration/respondents gets clear when actions are taken against persons participating in the gathering of Muharram, Tajia, under National Security Act, 1980 (NSA), but when 3 days gathering was organised in Sanwer at a large scale, and distribution of money, kalash, sarees took place, no action was taken against the people responsible for organising the gathering.Grounds for approaching the High Court (as mentioned in the Plea)* Because of the inaction of the administration, the lives of the public at large have been exposed to a deadly risk.* Such campaigns need to be immediately stopped.* The situation would be worse if no action is taken with immediate effect, as not only the people participating in such campaigns are exposed to risk but the spread of the pandemic can be nationwide.* The inaction of the administration and respondents is violative of Article 21 of the Constitution of India and special rules and guidelines issued in respect of COVID-19.Relief prayed* Direct the Respondents to take actions under the National Securities Act 1980, against the person responsible for such gatherings.* To issue a Writ of Nature of Mandamus directing the respondents to initiate inquiry and take necessary action against the officials responsible for such biased, negligent, reckless and irresponsible conduct.* The entire concerned records be called before the Hon’ble Court.Court’s OrderWhile hearing this Plea on Friday (11th September), the Division Bench of Justice SC Sharma and Justice Virendra Singh sought reply from the State Government and DGP within four weeks.Click here to download the Petition  Next Storylast_img read more

Troy celebrates ‘week of child’

first_imgLatest Stories Troy Mayor Jimmy Lunsford poses with students at the Head Start center during the proclamation signing on Wednesday.Troy Mayor Jimmy Lunsford signed a proclamation Wednesday morning declaring the week of April 18-22 the Week of the Young Child in Troy.“The Week of the Young Child is celebrated each April and is sponsored by the National Association for the Education of Young Children,” said Octavia Jones, Troy Head Start director. “The purpose of the week is to focus public attention on the needs of young children and their families and to support the early childhood programs and services that meet those needs.”Jones said the Week of the Young Child is time of recommitment to young children. Book Nook to reopen Plans underway for historic Pike County celebration Published 9:19 pm Wednesday, April 20, 2011 Troy Head Start has 107 children, ages three through five, enrolled. Head Start is an income eligible program and students are admitted through an enrollment process that includes an onsite application.For more information about the Troy Head Start program, call 566-6959. Troy celebrates ‘week of child’ Sponsored Content By Jaine Treadwell Troy falls to No. 13 Clemson Remember America’s heroes on Memorial Day By The Penny Hoarder Print Article Skip “We must recommit ourselves to ensure that every child enjoys the type childhood that lays the best possible foundation for the future,” she said.The weeklong celebration began on Monday when the children wore their favorite hat and joined the parade around the neighborhood. On Tuesday, the children enjoyed stories read to them by guest readers and again on Wednesday along with the visit by the mayor.“We liked the mayor to ride the tricycle,” the children said, laughing. Around the WebDoctor: Do This Immediately if You Have Diabetes (Watch)Health VideosIf You Have Ringing Ears Do This Immediately (Ends Tinnitus)Healthier LivingHave an Enlarged Prostate? Urologist Reveals: Do This Immediately (Watch)Healthier LivingWomen Only: Stretch This Muscle to Stop Bladder Leakage (Watch)Healthier LivingRemoving Moles & Skin Tags Has Never Been This EasyEssential HealthRemember Them? I’m Sure Their New Net Worth Will Leave You SpeechlessbradofoThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancel Penny Hoarder Issues “Urgent” Alert: 6 Companies Are… You Might Like New PCHS coach ‘excited’ to lead Bulldogs It’s a sight that most fans of Pike County football have gotten used to over the last half-decade or so…. read more Pike County Sheriff’s Office offering community child ID kits Email the author Today will be Fun Day and the children will participate in a variety of outdoor games and activities. Friday will be Grandparents’ Day and something special is planned for the “grands” but that’s being kept a secret.“Head Start is a comprehensive educational program and we believe that a child has to be healthy to learn,” Jones said. “The physical, nutritional and emotional needs of children must be met and we strive to provide an environment what supplies these needs and, therefore, an opportunity to learn and grow.”Jones expressed appreciation to Lunsford and the Troy City Council for their continuing support of the Head Start program.“The City of Troy has always been behind us and we appreciate all they do for the young children of Troy,” Jones said.last_img read more

Part-time workers

first_img Previous Article Next Article Part-time workersOn 1 Jul 2002 in Personnel Today Related posts:No related photos. Comments are closed. In the first of a regular series, we delve into the XpertHR reference manualto find essential information relating to one of our features. This month’stopic…– The Part-time Workers (Prevention of Less Favourable Treatment)Regulations 2000, which came into force on 1 July 2000, implement EU Directive97/81/EC. Part-time workers (regardless of the number of hours they work) mustnot be treated less favourably than comparable full-time workers unless theemployer can justify such less favourable treatment on wholly objectivegrounds. – Part-time workers have the right not to be treated less favourably inmatters relating to pay, overtime premium payments, holiday and holiday pay,sickness benefits, selection for redundancy, access to pension schemes,long-service awards, bonuses, commissions, etc. – Part-time workers may challenge their employer’s evident disregard fortheir statutory rights under the Part-time Workers (Prevention of LessFavourable Treatment) Regulations 2000 by demanding a written statementexplaining the reasons for discriminatory treatment. – Part-time workers have the legal right not to be discriminated against,victimised, dismissed or selected for redundancy for asserting their statutoryrights or for questioning or challenging their employer’s refusal or failure tocomply with those rights. – Part-time workers must present their complaint within three months oftheir employer’s alleged unlawful conduct. Future developmentsOn 25 February 2002, the Government announced that it will be amending thePart-time Workers (Prevention of Less Favourable Treatment) Regulations 2000 toensure that they are consistent with European Council Directive 99/70/EC onFixed Term Work. The directive was due to be transposed into UK domestic legislation by 10July 2002, but its implementation has now been delayed until 1 October 2002. Under the amended regulations, which were expected to come into force on 30June 2002, but are now likely to do so in autumn 2002, part-time workers onfixed-term contracts will have the right to compare their terms and conditionsof employment with those enjoyed by full-timers employed on permanent (oropen-ended) contracts. As the law currently stands, they must compare their payand benefits with those enjoyed by full-time workers who are also employed onfixed-term contracts. The regulations are also to be amended to accommodate the judgment of theHouse of Lords in Preston and others v Wolverhampton Healthcare NHS Trust andothers (No.2) [2001] IRLR 237 HL. The amount of compensation awarded by anemployment tribunal to a part-time worker treated less favourably than acomparable full-time worker, in relation to access to (or treatment under) anoccupational pension scheme, will no longer be limited to the period beginningtwo years before the date on which the worker’s complaint was presented to thetribunal. DefinitionsMeaning of ‘worker’ It is important to note that the Part-time Workers (Prevention of LessFavourable Treatment) Regulations 2000 apply not only to ’employees’ but alsoto workers who are not employees. In short, they apply to workers employedunder contracts of employment and to people (such as casual, seasonal andtemporary workers, freelancers, homeworkers, piece-workers, agency ‘temps’,etc) who undertake to do or perform personally any work or service for anemployer, regardless of the nature of the contractual relationship between themand that employer. The regulations do not, however, apply to people who aregenuinely self-employed. Meaning of ‘full-time’ and ‘part-time’ workers Workers are full-time workers if they are paid wholly or in part byreference to the time they work and are customarily identifiable as full-timeworkers in the organisation in which they work. A ‘part-time worker’, on the other hand, is a person working in the sameorganisation who is generally considered to be in part-time work. In most city offices, for example (the same is generally true of factoryworkers), the majority of staff may work a 35-hour week. The remainder may worktwo or three days a week, or for three or four hours each day. The former aregenerally understood to be in full-time work; the latter, in part-time work. Meaning of ‘comparable full-time worker’ A ‘comparable full-time worker’ is a worker who: – is employed under the same type of contract as a part-time worker; – does the same or broadly similar work as that done by the part-time worker;– has the same or broadly similar qualifications, skills and experience; and– works at the same establishment as the part-time worker or, where nofull-time worker working at that establishment satisfies the above criteria,works at a different establishment within the same organisation and satisfiesthose criteria. Rights and remediesThe regulations give part-time workers the right in principle not to betreated less favourably than full-time workers who work for the same employerunder the same type of employment contract. That right also extends to full-time workers who are transferred topart-time work (for whatever reason) and to full-time workers returning to workon a part-time basis after an absence lasting no longer than 12 months (whetheroccasioned by dismissal, redundancy, maternity leave, parental leave, a lengthyillness, a period of absence from work without pay, or whatever). The latter rule applies whether or not the worker in question returns to thesame job or to a job at the same level under a contract (whether it is adifferent contract or a varied contract), and regardless of whether it is thesame type of contract as that under which they were employed immediately beforethe relevant period of absence began (Part-time Workers (Prevention of LessFavourable Treatment) Regulations 2000, regulations 3, 4 and 5). Employers that treat their part-time workers less favourably than comparablefull-time workers, simply because they work part time, will be in breach oftheir obligations under the regulations unless they can justify that treatmenton wholly objective grounds. Key referencesLegislation – Council Directive 97/81/EC of 15 December 1997 ‘concerning the FrameworkAgreement on part-time work concluded by UNICE, CEEP and the ETUC’ – Employment Relations Act 1999 – Employment Rights Act 1996 – Part-time Workers (Prevention of Less Favourable Treatment) Regulations2001 SI 2001/1107 – Part-time Workers (Prevention of Less Favourable Treatment) Regulations2000 SI 2000/1551 – Employment Protection (Part-time Employees) Regulations 1995 SI 1995/31 Cases None to date Documents– staff and works handbooks – contracts of employment/part-time workers contracts – policy documents on: – overtime payments – contractual sick and maternity pay – occupational pensions – access to training – redundancy – grievance procedures Further reading– The Part-time Workers (Prevention of Less Favourable Treatment)Regulations 2000 and their accompanying guidance notes may be downloaded at: www.legislation.hmso.gov.uk/si/si2000/20001551.htmFurther guidance on the Part-time Workers (Prevention of Less FavourableTreatment) Regulations 2000 may be downloaded at: www.dti.gov.uk/er/ptime.htmwww.dti.gov.uk/er/pt-info.htmwww.dti.gov.uk/er/pt-detail.htmwww.dti.gov.uk/er/inform.htmPublications include: – The Law and Best Practice: A detailed guide for employers and part-timers(URN 00/1132) – Frequently asked questions about the Part-time Workers Regulations – Factsheet for Part-timers on the Part-time Workers Regulations Questions and answersCan an employer treat part-timeworkers less favourably than it treats full-time workers?Not unless such treatment can be objectively justified. ThePart-time Workers (Prevention of Less Favourable Treatment) Regulations 2000,which implement EU Directive 97/81/EC, state that part-time workers (including,for example, seasonal and casual workers) must not be treated less favourablythan comparable full-time workers in matters relating to pay, overtime premiumpayments, holiday and holiday pay, sickness benefits, selection for redundancy,access to pension schemes and other contractual benefits.Can an employer choose to employ afull-time person rather than two part-time people?An employer may have sound business reasons for wanting to filla job vacancy with a full-time worker (rather than one or two part-timeworkers), but may well be called upon to justify those reasons before anemployment tribunal.Action point checklist– Ensure that employment policies andprocedures (including those in relation to overtime payments, contractual sickand maternity pay, occupational pensions, access to training and redundancy)are audited so that part-time workers are not treated less favourably thancomparable full-time workers.– In staff and works handbooks, and employment contracts,remind part-time workers of their statutory rights under the Part-time Workers(Prevention of Less Favourable Treatment) Regulations 2000, including theirright to be provided with a written statement explaining the reasons for anyallegedly less favourable treatment. – Encourage workers to use the grievance procedure if theybelieve that they have been less favourably treated than comparable full-timeworkers.– Ensure that any… part-time worker’s request for a statementin writing explaining the reasons for his or her (allegedly) less favourabletreatment is answered within 21 days. Managers and supervisors should refer allsuch requests to the HR department or, in smaller establishments, to themanager in charge of the establishment in question. last_img read more

Observational verification of predicted increase in bedrock-to-surface amplitude transfer during a glacier surge

first_imgThe amplitude ratio between surface and bedrock topography has been predicted to depend strongly on the ratio of deformational velocity to mean basal sliding velocity. Observations made prior to and during a surge of Tungnaárjökull, Vatnajökull ice cap, Iceland, allow this prediction to be tested. During the surge, the ratio of internal deformational velocity and basal sliding (slip ratio) changed from about unity to a few hundred. The amplitude ratio changed from about 0.1 to about 0.7. This increase in amplitude ratio is in good overall agreement with predictions based on an analytical perturbation analysis for a linearly viscous medium which includes the effects of horizontal deviatoric stresses on glacier flow. An increase in amplitude ratio of this magnitude is not predicted by a similarly linearized analysis that employs the commonly used shallow-ice approximation. The strong increase in transfer amplitude observed in the surge of Tungnaárjökull is a clear illustration of the effects of horizontal stress transmission on glacier flow reported here for the first time.last_img read more