Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website The Board Meeting on March 12th has only two items on the agenda; an emergency declaration and the approval of the second interim budget report.I will cover the emergency declaration first. The Education Code requires Board approval for many decisions that may come from a Superintendent.Under normal circumstances this is entirely appropriate, however during emergencies or public health crisis moments the need to follow the process requires a Superintendent to call an emergency meeting to approve several types of actions that may be necessary in the upcoming weeks, from reassigning of personnel from one site to another, to signing a contract for an outside cleaning company specializing in sanitizing possible biohazards, to closing a school under the advice of county health officials.To remove the possibility of red tape from delaying the response of the district, we are bringing forth a resolution empowering the Superintendent to take actions in response to the public health situation without waiting for Board approval.Of course we the Board will still be monitoring the actions of the district.The second item is the second interim budget. This budget has us meeting our required reserves in each of the next three years, subject to budget assumptions that are in line with county standards for approval. We are currently projecting a 500 student decline in enrollment, following the loss that we had at the start of the last two years from our projections. It’s a fairly conservative estimate in normal conditions, but with families getting priced out of Pasadena it is possible that we will come in below that number.It is, however, also possible that we will come in with more students than we are projecting, and if that occurs we will have to hire teachers at the start of August. This is always a difficult time in staffing determinations, because we don’t want to lay off more staff than we should, but once we pass the March 15th deadline we cannot lay off more staff for the upcoming school year… so if we err on the side of not laying off enough staff, we may be overstaffed next year.It is always a hard balance to strike between site stability and fiscal responsibility. We also are working off of revenue assumptions, given that it is always possible for California to slip into a recession or for the governor’s proposed January budget to undergo changes before it is approved in June. Unfortunately, we have to forge ahead with our best estimates now, and trust in the state legislature to prioritize state spending sensibly.This is a fairly routine meeting, albeit one outside of our normal meeting schedule, and only warrants a special meeting itself due to filing deadlines for the second interim budget. latest #2 Board of Education President Previews Highlights of Thursday’s Meeting By PATRICK CAHALAN, President, Pasadena Unified School District Board of Education Published on Wednesday, March 11, 2020 | 1:29 pm Community News More Cool Stuff Subscribe Make a comment First Heatwave Expected Next Week HerbeautyHere Is What Scientists Say Will Happen When You Eat AvocadosHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty15 Countries Where Men Have Difficulties Finding A WifeHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyAmazing Sparks Of On-Screen Chemistry From The 90-sHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyThese Are 15 Great Style Tips From Asian WomenHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyStop Eating Read Meat (Before It’s Too Late)HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyThis Trend Looks Kind Of Cool!HerbeautyHerbeauty Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Business News Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Top of the News 13 recommendedShareShareTweetSharePin it Patrick CahalanPresidentPasadena Unified School District Board of Education Community News Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena
Humans likely “auditioned” plants and animals that they eventually domesticated by first managing wild populations during a long transition period — sometimes thousands of years — that led from hunting-gathering to farming lifestyles, a speaker at the Harvard Museum of Natural History (HMNH) said Thursday (Feb. 18).Bruce Smith, an authority on the rise of eastern North American agriculture and the curator of North American archaeology at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History in Washington, described current thinking on the rise of agriculture, one of the major changes in human history that created the modern world.Scientists believe there were roughly a dozen places where agriculture arose independently through the domestication of plants and animals. Some species — such as cattle and pigs — were domesticated independently from wild stock in more than one place at different times, he said.Smith spoke at the Harvard Museum of Natural History as part of its “Food for Thought” lecture series, which examines the past, present, and future of our food supply and runs into this spring. Elisabeth Werby, the HMNH executive director, introduced Smith, while Noel Michele Holbrook, Bullard Professor of Forestry, moderated the event, fielding audience queries during a question-and-answer session.Agriculture is a relatively recent development in human history, with the earliest traces found about 10,000 years ago. Despite that late arrival, agriculture has had a dramatic impact on human society, supporting larger, stable populations and the development of urban centers.Scientists have established discrete dates for plant and animal domestication at various locations around the world, ranging from about 10,000 years ago for squash domestication in Mesoamerica and wheat domestication in the Middle East to 4,800 years ago for sunflower domestication in eastern North America and 2,000 years ago for rice in sub-Saharan Africa. Other locations where agriculture is thought to have arisen independently include South America, East Asia, and New Guinea. But Smith said those dates may give the impression that domestication was a before-and-after kind of event, with hunter-gatherers before and farmers afterward. The reality, he said, was likely far more complex.There’s a large gray area between “wild” and “domesticated” plants and animals, Smith said. Humans likely managed wild populations of everything from nuts to berries to clams by manipulating the wild environment to foster the success of food sources important to them without actually domesticating them. He cited cases of burning forest canopy trees to foster growth of sun-loving food plants below and building rock walls at the low-tide mark to foster sand accumulation and improve the environment for clams.Species that were successfully domesticated had key characteristics, he said. Plants tended to be early-succession species that did well in disturbed environments that humans could create for them. The animals tended to be naturals for domestication — less skittish and easily led. Dogs and cats are an exception to that rule, Smith said, since they took a “let’s make a deal” approach of mutual benefit.Even after the first plants were domesticated — illustrated in the archaeological record by larger seed sizes when compared to wild progenitor species — true agricultural societies took time to develop. Smith defined agricultural societies as those that got 60 percent of their food from domesticated plants and animals. Reaching that level, he said, took thousands of years. While the first evidence of squash domestication in Mesoamerica came 10,000 years ago, the first remains of an agricultural village only dates to 4,000 years back, indicating a 6,000-year transition period to agricultural living. While Smith acknowledged that future archaeological finds may shift those dates, he said that, even if they do shift, it seems likely there was a long transition between the first plant domestication and the development of settled villages dependent on farming as a lifestyle.Most research on the roots of agriculture is focused on the initial transition where the first plants were domesticated, Smith said, leaving ample room for future researchers to investigate the long transition afterward.The next lecture in the “Food for Thought” series is “From Cooking Food to Cooking the Planet: Growing Constraints to Food Production,” 6 p.m., Tuesday (Feb. 23).
Former Mount Sentinel Wildcats athlete Katie Wayling was front and center, turning back the clock at the CCAA volleyball National Championships this past weekend in the BC Provincial Capital.Wayling, who has been out of the sport of volleyball for the past six years, came on as a substitute setter to help the Camosun College Chargers to the school’s first CCAA Women’s Volleyball National silver medal.The Chargers fell 3-1 (25-20, 25-20, 17-25, 26-24) to the Lakeland College Rustlers of Vermilion, Alta., in the gold medal game Saturday before a boisterous home crowd.Camosun College finished the regular season in the PACWEST in sixth spot with a 8-16 record.The team then lost in the first round of the PACWEST playoffs.Entering the eight-team tournament as the host wildcard team and seeded seventh, the Chargers began to turn the tables on the favoured schools, first knocking off second ranked Humber Hawks Thursday winning 15-13 in the final game.Wayling came on as a substitute for the Chargers against Humber. Friday, Camosun continued its red-hot play with a sweep over the Grande Prairie Regional College Wolves that advanced the PACWEST squad into the school’s first ever women’s gold medal match 3-0.Lakeland, also looking for its first national crown, took a 2-0 lead in the best-of-five match before the Chargers showed resiliency winning the third set.Camosun then came within one point of forcing a sudden death fifth set before losing the fourth set, and match, 26-24. Comosun led at one stage of the fourth game 18-12.Once again Wayling was substituted into the game.This is Wayling’s first season with the Chargers.The 5’7” setter had a stellar high school career with the Wildcats, leading the South Slocan-based school to a pair of provincial crowns during the four years at Mount Sentinel.Wayling was part of the B.C. High School A Girl’s Volleyball champion in 2007 and B.C. High School A Girl’s Basketball winner in 2008.After high school, Wayling decided to take her skills south of the 49th parallel to play a season in in sunny Florida at Palm Beach State College, located 60 miles north of Miami in Lake Worth, Florida.The daughter of Rand and Christine Wayling of Castlegar took a few years off before returning to the classroom, and the volleyball court, at the Victoria-based school.Vancouver Island Mariners, winners of the PACWEST title over Douglas College, won the bronze medal in the National Tournament by sweeping RSEQ champion Lynx d’Edouard Montpetit.It was VIU’s 17th national medal.
Several rulings by the Board of Tax Appeals (BOTA) have been seriously challenged at the Tax Court by a number of taxpayers.BOTA was established in 2009 to provide taxpayers and taxing authorities (Ministry of Finance) with an accessible, fair and efficient appeal process and to resolve appeals in a timely and judicious manner.But some of the taxpayers such as DHL Limited and Lone Star Communications Corporation (LSCC) have already filed a motion for “Judicial Review of Tax Determination” against BOTA.In DHL’s case, they alleged that the Ministry of Finance (MOF) audited the institution covering the period 2007, 2008, 2009 tax bills in the amount of US$328,678.98.In that audit, DHL’s operating expense totaling US$473, 474. 86 was not acceptable as a valid deduction for lack of supporting documents.MOF disallowed it and added the expenses of the deductible to the revenue of DHL for each of the period audited.DHL then requested the Ministry to provide particulars of the transaction for the tax period audited that it deemed unacceptable deduction expenses.The company even asked the Ministry to provide a list of specific transactions to allow for the offering of supporting documents in order to substantiate whether the Ministry’s claims truly exist.That request was rejected by the MOF.It was this rejection that led DHL to complain to BOTA.During the hearing at the BOTA, DHL argued that the Ministry’s failure to provide particulars (that would enable it identify the disallowed transaction) and its request to enforce the collection of its controversial audit should be denied and dismissed.Also requested was that BOTA order the Ministry to provide to DHL details requested to substantial whether or not the MOF claims were genuine.Despite the evidence, BOTA ruled against DHL, stating that the “Ministry provided the taxpayer the reasonable reference used to disallow the taxpayer operating expense.”In the case of Lone Star, the company claimed that BOTA erroneously ruled confirming that Lone Star should make payment in the MOF’s audit report and its re-assessment bill for additional taxes, penalties and interest for the taxable period 2007 to 2011, to the tune of US$19,197,903.44.The cases are pending before the Tax Court for determination.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
15 March 2013 After two tough years for mining in South Africa, the country’s junior miners are optimistic about the next 12 months, more so even than their Canadian, Australian and British counterparts, according to the inaugural Grant Thornton International Mining Report. At the same time, the report cautioned that South Africa’s junior miners would need certainty about the future if they were to convert risks into growth for the country’s mining industry. Grant Thornton’s report, released on Thursday, surveyed junior miners in four countries where mining is a priority, namely South Africa, Australia, Canada and the UK (specifically for the large amount of mining companies listed on AIM, a sub-market of the London Stock Exchange). (Website Investopedia defines a junior mining company as an exploration company that looks for new deposits of gold, silver, uranium or other precious minerals, targeting properties believed to have significant potential for large mineral deposits. “Junior exploration companies are a major source of future mine supply,” the website notes.)Uncertainty ‘affects ability to raise finance’ South African junior miners surveyed by Grant Thornton said that uncertainty arising from nationalisation debates in past few years had limited growth and expansion opportunities for the junior mining sector countrywide. “Uncertainty arising from the nationalisation debate harmed the industry’s ability to raise finance, and any instability going forward will have the same negative impact,” Steven Kilfoil, mining advisory and corporate finance director at Grant Thornton Johannesburg, said in a statement on Thursday. “Thankfully the nationalisation issue has now been settled, and this stability will assist miners to access funding.” Kilfoil said the report showed that South African mining executives were “beginning to see light at the end of the tunnel following a period of mine violence, strikes, uncertainty surrounding the mineral regulatory regime and ambiguity around government’s plans on nationalisation.”SA junior miners plan to spend, hire more The report revealed that South African junior miners will spend more on capital equipment and, despite knowing that labour and energy costs will increase significantly, they also expect to be profitable, with half (49%) of the respondents in South Africa also anticipating increased revenues this year compared to 36% in Australia, 31% in Canada and 21% in the UK. In terms of future investments, nearly half (49%) of South Africa’s junior miners expect to increase their investment in plant and machinery over the next 12 months, compared to a global average of 42%, while two-thirds of South African respondents (62%) were looking forward to higher commodity prices compared to 54% globally. The survey also indicated that 44% of South African junior miners plan to employ more people, with a positive outlook also expected for the year ahead in terms of salary increases across the junior mining sector – 44% of SA respondents said they would increase salaries by more than inflation, while 46% said they would offer pay rises in line with inflation.South African market ‘robust’ Kilfoil said he had recently attended the Prospectors and Developers Association of Canada annual conference in Toronto, where he said the mood on the floor was generally pessimistic. “Canada has approximately 1 200 listed junior miners of which only about 800 are expected to survive the next 12 months,” he said. “A third of them will disappear or be absorbed by major players. “[Canada] therefore has a number of economically unviable listed resource companies that were able to raise initial funding and start drilling. Now, however, they cannot access any further funds.” One way to raise finance is to go to market, and thankfully the South African market was more robust, Kilfoil said, with Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) requirements being far stricter than those of other major mining countries. “While this has to some extent stifled exploration, it has also been very positive, as investors are better protected and our exchange ensures that assets that come to market are good assets. “I have always been a huge proponent of exploration. It’s vital – but it needs to be done carefully,” Kilfoil said. “We don’t want to end up with a situation similar to that of Canada, where there is a proliferation of smaller companies that have raised money for exploration but are now cash-strapped.”Policy, red tape concerns South Africa also needed to ensure that investors were afforded the predictability they needed for resource exploration and development projects, Kilfoil said. The nationalisation concerns which were raised in Grant Thornton’s research were with specific reference to the challenges which junior mining organisations were facing in accessing finance. Half (49%) of the SA respondents in the report indicated that they would need finance for their businesses within the next two years; 26% of these said they would need funds within the next six months. South African junior miners surveyed also raised the issue of over-regulation. “Too much red tape causes needless project delays, discourages investment in the sector and dampens enthusiasm for exploration,” Kilfoil said. Another negative highlighted by the survey was the issue of bribery and corruption, with 40% of South African miners citing this as a significant concern – nearly double the global figure of 23%. Interestingly, however, access to a skilled workforce was not much of a concern to South African junior miners, and it was with the rest of the world. This was in contrast to the findings of the recent Grant Thornton International Business Report, which showed that 58% of South African businesses in general had difficulties in recruiting skilled workers. “This talks to the fact that our mining industry is mature and strong, with a significant group of people that really knows the business – and understand how to mine,” Kilfoil said. SAinfo reporter
By Dr. Barbara O’NeillHow can I avoid being a victim of medical fraud?Millions of dollars are wasted yearly on medical frauds, hoaxes, and false cures. To avoid being the victim of quackery, don’t fall for testimonials, even when they are given by a health professional. In general, reputable providers do not endorse mega-vitamin therapy, supplements, diet fads, and other products and services. Remember, “if it sounds too good to be true, it probably is.” If you have questions about a particular health care product, check with your doctor or pharmacist before you waste your time and money.You can also check out specific “cures” or products through the Food and Drug Administration or the Federal Trade Commission or contact your state attorney general’s office or local health department.Browse more military personal finance blog posts and webinars by experts.Follow Dr. O’Neill on Twitter!This post was published on the Military Families Learning Network Blog on July 15, 2013.
In this April 9, 2017, photo, former NBA All Star Stephon Marbury attends an NBA basketball game between the New York Knicks and the Toronto Raptors in New York. (AP Photo/Seth Wenig)Stephen Marbury has made himself at home in the Chinese Baskeball Association (CBA), but it looks like he is ready to return to where he started.The 40-year-old guard, who last played for the Boston Celtics in 2009, bared his desire to return to the National Basketball Association (NBA).ADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games RELATED STORY:Stephon Marbury has emotional moment with Beijing fan at Q&A Paris, Los Angeles confirmed as Olympic hosts Fire hits houses in Mandaluyong City Frontrow holds fun run to raise funds for young cancer patients View comments BSP sees higher prices in November, but expects stronger peso, low rice costs to put up fight E.T. returns to earth, reunites with grown-up Elliott in new ad Prior to becoming the Chinese league’s most popular adoptive son, “Starbury” was considered one of the NBA’s premier point guards and was named an All Star twice, in 2000-2001 and 2002-2003 seasons.He was selected fourth overall in the 1996 NBA draft and formed one the most exciting duos in the league alongside Kevin Garnett with the Minnesota Timberwolves.He also made stops with the New Jersey Nets, Phoenix Suns and his hometown New York Knicks.After seeing his production slip after 14 years in the league, Marbury elected to take his talents to China in 2010, where he experienced a career resurgence—winning three CBA championships, a CBA Finals MVP award, a CBA Foreign MVP award and getting named an All-Star on six occasions, according to Bleacher Report.It’s going to be quite a task for Marbury, who’s now 40, to land an NBA contract, considering the amount of young and talented players at his position today. /raADVERTISEMENT “It’s time to combine. My next move is the best move. Working on the come back to the #nba,” the Brooklyn-native wrote on his personal Twitter account.It’s time to combine. My next move is the best move. Working on the come back to the #nba pic.twitter.com/TaWjqwwekFFEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout— I AM PEACE STAR (@StarburyMarbury) September 12, 2017 MOST READ LOOK: Loisa Andalio, Ronnie Alonte unwind in Amanpulo for 3rd anniversary Nonong Araneta re-elected as PFF president Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Read Next WATCH: Streetboys show off slick dance moves in Vhong Navarro’s wedding LATEST STORIES
Photo by Tristan Tamayo / INQUIRER.netHow does a team end a winless run? Run down a squad that also has yet to make it to the win column.Emilio Aguinaldo College finally tacked its first win in the NCAA Season 93 women’s volleyball tournament after overcoming Mapua, 25-23, 22-25, 22-25, 25-23, 15-12, Thursday at Filoil Flying V Centre.ADVERTISEMENT Although EAC had a slight disadvantage in spikes, 51-47, the Lady Generals enjoyed 49 free points from Mapua’s errors and none bigger than the final one when Patria Peña’s last hit went wide.Ladeisheen Magbanua had a team-high 17 points to lead EAC while Aira Binondo added 16 points.Jaylene Lumbo and Yvette Tongco also finished in double figures for the Lady Generals with 15 and 13 points, respectively.Pena led Mapua with 20 points while Angeline Mangundayao added 10.ADVERTISEMENT John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Martinez gets slot Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. MOST READ Read Next 2 ‘newbie’ drug pushers fall in Lucena sting Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC NEXT BLOCK ASIA 2.0 introduces GURUS AWARDS to recognize and reward industry influencers View comments Slow and steady hope for near-extinct Bangladesh tortoises Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa The win allowed the Lady Generals to chalk up a first win in six outings while stretching the Lady Cardinals’ woes to 0-6.Lady Generals head coach Rodrigo Palmero was proud with the resiliency his team showed after coming off three straight five-setter defeats.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“I can see that there are still some positives in this group,” said Palmero, who also coached the Season 91 men’s champion, in Filipino. “I know these girls are not yet in the top level in terms of skills but I can see that they’re improving.”“And we’re very happy that after all those five-set losses that we were finally able to get a win; it’s like a heavy feeling was lifted off of us.” LATEST STORIES Globe Business launches leading cloud-enabled and hardware-agnostic conferencing platform in PH
So what if you’re attending Dior’s Paris Fashion Week Haute Couture (Fall/Winter 2014/2015) show; so what if you’re one of America’s sweethearts loved by all who see you on the big screen? There’s simply no reason good enough to stop you from goofing around when you’re young, successful and carefree.From repeatedly tripping on red carpet, making funny faces, to photobombing actors, and to introducing your also-celebrity friend to your pal, Jennifer Lawrence is not ready to pack up her goofy side yet.That celebrity friend she semi-whacked in the face was none than an unsuspecting Emma Watson who was caught off-guard in the middle of posing for pictures.The Hunger Games: Jennifer Lawrence introduces her palm to friend Emma Watson’s face. Picture courtesy: @JenniferUpdates/TwitterRealising it was just another one of her pranks, Emma took it sportingly and joined in on the laughs.A relieved Emma Watson joins in on the laughter. Picture courtesy: @JenniferUpdates/TwitterJennifer looked supremely tanned while attending the event in a Christian Dior blue and white dress. Emma Watson managed to pull of chic in a black top and sheer skirt with underlay.
MONTREAL – Canadian Pacific Rail’s more than 3,000 train operators walked off the job late Tuesday night while a second group of workers reached a tentative contract settlement with the rail company.The Teamsters Canada Rail Conference said its workers walked out at 10 p.m. EDT as negotiations continued with the assistance of federal mediators.That announcement came just minutes after CP Rail said a tentative deal had been reached with the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers for 360 signalling workers who were also poised to walk off the job at 10 p.m.The Teamsters said the strike by its members began despite “best efforts to reach a negotiated settlement,” adding it is “willing to remain at the bargaining table during the strike.”It also said commuter train services in Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver are operated by Bombardier, not Canadian Pacific, and Teamster members who operate trains in those cities are Bombardier employees and will not go on strike.As a result, said the Teamsters, commuter train services would not be affected by the walkout.Via, however, had already cancelled passenger rail service starting Tuesday morning in Ontario between Sudbury and White River.CP Rail has said it will use qualified management staff to handle signalling and switching tasks so trains can continue to operate.However, the strike could force the railroad to shut down its freight service at a particularly bad time for grain farmers. Shippers had said they expected talks would fail, resulting in the third CP Rail strike since 2012.Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said earlier in the day that the federal government would not be rushed into introducing back-to-work legislation, preferring instead to employ various levers to motivate both sides to reach a settlement.Trudeau also said his government would not do as the Conservatives did and favour employers.“Quite frankly, we have companies that have gotten used to the fact that in certain industries, the government in the past was very quick to legislate against unions,” Trudeau said during a conference in Toronto.“We are not going to do that.”If eventually forced to intervene, said Trudeau, the Liberal government won’t be giving the advantage to employers.Even before the strike began, the livelihoods of Canadian grain farmers were already threatened because shipping was severely disrupted over the past winter due to extreme cold.“You always hope for a miracle but we’re pretty sure there’s going to be a stoppage,” said Wade Sobkowich, executive director of the Western Grain Elevator Association, which represents the country’s largest exporters.He said there was little that could be done to prepare other than to notify farmers that deliveries will have to be rescheduled and tell overseas customers they could receive late shipments.“We’re just coming off of a year where we had poor rail service even though we didn’t have a work stoppage and we are trying to maintain relationships with our customers,” he added.The train operators voted 94 per cent in favour of strike action to back their contract demands in early April and voted 98 per cent to reject CP’s final offer last Friday.Both unions gave the railway notice over the weekend that they plan to walk off the job to support contract demands.— Companies in this story:(TSX:CP, TSX:BBD.B)