Elecciones británicas y derrota del Partido Laborista

first_imgEsta es una charla ligeramente editada pronunciada durante el foro de Workers World Party/Partido Mundo Obrero el 19 de diciembre en la ciudad de Nueva York.Pensé que deberíamos aprovechar esta oportunidad para hablar sobre las elecciones británicas del 12 de diciembre. No voy a dar un análisis exhaustivo de ello. Lo que voy a hacer es reflexionar sobre ello.Primero, se sabe que esto es importante, especialmente porque estamos en este lado del Atlántico. El Partido Laborista británico no es lo mismo que el Partido Demócrata. Hay similitudes, pero también hay importantes diferencias históricas.De hecho, una de las razones por las que ha existido el Partido Demócrata, especialmente durante los últimos 75 a 80 años, es en realidad frustrar cualquier movimiento para formar un partido de este tipo –ya sea un partido revolucionario de los trabajadores o un partido laborista moderado– que dice que va a representar los intereses de la clase trabajadora.El Partido Laborista en Gran Bretaña es como los partidos socialdemócratas en toda Europa y en todo el mundo. Es un producto del desarrollo de la socialdemocracia, del desarrollo político y las luchas dentro del movimiento obrero entre marxistas revolucionarios y socialdemócratas reformistas.Por lo tanto, tiene una historia diferente a la del Partido Demócrata. Es una especie de alianza, que representa a los trabajadores y los intereses de la clase dominante británica. Obviamente, eso es algo contradictorio. Es una alianza incómoda. Durante la mayor parte del siglo pasado, la clase dominante ha dominado la alianza.Hace cuatro años, Jeremy Corbyn, un importante líder izquierdista, ingresó al Partido Laborista y se convirtió en su líder, creo que sobre la base del voto de miles y miles de jóvenes trabajadores, quienes, como muchos jóvenes en este país, se vieron afectados negativamente no solo por el colapso financiero global, sino que ciertamente empeoraron las cosas. Fue un desarrollo significativo.Corbyn empujó al partido hacia la izquierda de una manera distintiva, no revolucionaria, pero igualmente importante. Su manifiesto electoral para 2019 se compara favorablemente con todo lo que Bernie Sanders está planteando. Corbyn está a la izquierda de Sanders, no solo en algunos asuntos internos, sino también en términos del movimiento contra la guerra. El en su mayoría ha roto con Israel.Clase gobernante, los medios demonizaron a Corbyn¿Por qué las elecciones resultaron como lo hicieron con los laboristas perdiendo y los conservadores, el Partido Conservador, ganando terreno? Número uno: Hubo ataques viciosos contra Corbyn. Como no estamos allí, no lo sentimos. No sentimos el calor, la seriedad y el esfuerzo constante de los medios burgueses y los políticos burgueses para demonizar a Corbyn.Inflamaron todo esto acerca de que Corbyn diciendo que era antisemita, principalmente porque critica a Israel. Los militares salieron y casi celebraron una conferencia de prensa con generales en uniforme, diciendo que si era elegido representaría una amenaza para la seguridad nacional de “nuestro imperio”.Algunos de los banqueros salieron y dijeron que si era elegido, el Parlamento británico caería. Habrá un colapso financiero. El país caerá. Esto fue constante todos los días.Hay quienes dicen que Corbyn hizo demasiadas concesiones a los elementos burgueses en su partido, representados por Tony Blair, y que Corbyn debería haber tenido una línea dura y expulsar a todos los elementos burgueses. Algo sobre lo que pensar. Eso se compara con otros países– digamos Francia ahora.Pero en comparación con otros países en Europa y en todo el mundo, no hay muchas huelgas de trabajadores en Gran Bretaña, particularmente en Inglaterra. A decir verdad, si hay una huelga local de trabajadores del transporte.Solo para darle una idea de cómo una huelga y la lucha de los trabajadores pueden compararse con una elección, y el peligro que conlleva. Los trabajadores en huelga realmente suspendieron la huelga por un día para que pudieran regresar y votar, así tiene sentido.Las elecciones: el juego de la burguesíaEsto es importante para mí y creo que es importante para todos los revolucionarios porque si se confía en las elecciones y no presionas o ayudas a la clase trabajadora a ponerse en movimiento a través de luchas de masas, huelgas, ocupaciones, es muy peligroso. Esos huelguistas llevaron a cabo ocupaciones. Nueve de cada diez veces, las elecciones burguesas son lo más importante para la burguesía. Ese es su juego.Es raro que la burguesía no gane de alguna manera en las elecciones burguesas. Cuando los trabajadores están luchando con huelgas, han tenido la oportunidad de darse cuenta de su fuerza y su poder. Así que eso es algo que espero se revise allí cuando analicen cómo sucedió. Creo que muchos izquierdistas se sienten muy deprimidos y mal en todo el mundo. Pero esto pasará, y la crisis para los trabajadores británicos se profundizará con más austeridad, más ataques. Así que esta es solo una fase, y estamos tratando de discernir algunas lecciones.Por supuesto, el principal problema en estas elecciones fue Brexit: la votación en el verano de 2016 para abandonar la Unión Europea y estar bajo el control de la clase dominante británica. Si todos fueran sinceros, debería haber quedado lo más claro posible que este era un callejón sin salida para la clase trabajadora.Claro, la burguesía de la Unión Europea es horrible. Estamos en contra de ellos, pero, intercambiar la burguesía europea como su amo por la burguesía británica es un callejón sin salida para la clase trabajadora.Se necesita una huelga masiva de trabajadoresAlgunos dicen que la posición de Corbyn sobre Brexit era demasiado equívoca. Intentó complacer a todos. Esto probablemente era cierto. Parece que no se sentía lo suficientemente seguro y fuerte como para decir: Brexit es un truco para dividir a la clase trabajadora, especialmente contra los trabajadores inmigrantes. Y es racista. Entonces esto debería ser de lo que se debe hablar.Deberíamos hablar sobre cómo organizar una huelga masiva de los trabajadores y sus aliados en todo el mundo– o sea, toda la clase obrera. Quizás las posibilidades de que Corbyn y el Partido Laborista ganaran eran muy, muy escasas debido a Brexit y otras cosas.No se trata solo de los trabajadores. También representa una división en la clase dominante británica. Pero a lo que a nosotros respecta, su objetivo principal, en términos de división y uso del racismo, era definitivamente la clase trabajadora.No creo que la clase dominante británica permitiera que Corbyn ganara. No iban a hacer eso. El era temido. Se le consideraba demasiado atípico para los intereses de la burguesía británica –a menos que hubiera algún tipo de situación revolucionaria donde las masas estuvieran en las calles por los cientos de miles que exigían la revolución y el socialismo. Quizás entonces.Pero ese no fue el caso la semana pasada. Además, la clase dominante dentro del Partido Tory y la clase dominante dentro del Partido Laborista se unieron contra Corbyn. Ahí es donde su unidad de clase trascendió la lealtad de su partido.Si va a perder una elección desde una perspectiva táctica y política, tal vez algunos en el Partido Laborista fueron optimistas. Estoy seguro de que lucharon hasta el último minuto antes de las elecciones.Sin embargo, si pensabas que iba a salir como pensabas –y muchos de ellos tenían muchas preguntas al respecto porque sabían de la guerra se libraba contra el Partido Laborista– algunas veces es mejor si vas a perder un elección para ser políticamente fuerte. Y no se equivoque en cuestiones de principios, de modo que al menos haya sentado las bases para la lucha futura.No podemos ponernos en el lugar de Corbyn. En general, nuestro partido evita tener un análisis de arriba abajo de la situación a la que se enfrentan la clase trabajadora y la izquierda en otro país, aunque mantenemos nuestro derecho a comentarlo. Hubiera sido mejor si Corbyn hubiera salido con más fuerza como internacionalista. Nadie defendía a los trabajadores migrantes que están bajo ataque.La solidaridad con los trabajadores migrantes es claveIncluso si Corbyn perdió algunos votos, debería haber dicho con mucha fuerza: “Estoy con los trabajadores migrantes. Son parte de nuestra clase”.Una de las razones por las cuales el Partido Laborista tendrá que fortalecerse en esta cuestión del internacionalismo proletario es porque hoy hay tanta confusión al respecto. Sin un internacionalismo calificado, se le ve como algo que sirve a la burguesía.En otras palabras, con la globalización imperialista son los ricos los internacionalistas, y dicen que eso es en interés de la clase trabajadora. Es como la mentira de que las ciudades son para la burguesía y el campo es para la clase trabajadora. Trump también ha tratado de jugar esa carta.No. Los trabajadores de la ciudad, independientemente de sus trabajos, esa es la clase trabajadora. Los trabajadores en las ciudades pertenecen a la clase trabajadora tanto como los trabajadores en el campo. No es una división generacional. Algunos dicen que muchos jóvenes eran para Corbyn, pero él perdió a los trabajadores blancos mayores en el centro del país.¡No al racismo! ¡Forja la unidad de la clase trabajadora!Nuestro mensaje es: No. No elegimos. Todos ellos son la clase trabajadora y ese es el punto. Tienes que hablar más y más sobre la clase. Para cualquier revolucionario que sea viable y para cualquier partido revolucionario, tienes que hacerlo. La siguiente fase de la lucha de clases global es tomar una posición realmente fuerte contra el racismo y el internacionalismo de la clase trabajadora.Ahora puede parecer un poco abstracto y no tan importante como abordar las luchas locales en las que se encuentra la gente. Ya sea Medicare para Todos o la universidad gratuita o luchar contra la brutalidad policial racista en el metro o en las calles, las personas se relacionan con las luchas locales.Pero tarde o temprano, a medida que la crisis mundial se profundice junto con las luchas de clases, el internacionalismo se volverá cada vez más decisivo. Me pregunto si habría sido una buena idea para Corbyn convocar una conferencia en Londres de socialistas y revolucionarios europeos que quieran discutir cómo podemos fortalecer la lucha de clases contra la Unión Europea, los banqueros en Alemania –y unirlos a todos.Eso diría mucho. Eso sería una señal para cualquiera que esté preocupado por el efecto del chovinismo y el nacionalismo burgués. No, este es un líder que tiene una visión internacionalista.No estoy seguro de si este tema se convirtió en parte del programa del comentario de la Tercera Internacional. (Tuvimos una discusión sobre eso hace unos meses, ya que este es el centésimo aniversario de la Tercera Internacional formada en Moscú en 1919).Pero si la Internacional no tomó esa posición, al menos lo estaban discutiendo y pidiendo que los trabajadores declarar un Estados Unidos de Europa, donde se unirían los trabajadores europeos que luchan contra la unidad imperialista de las fuerzas burguesas. Ese es un punto importante. Tarde o temprano tenemos que volver a eso.¡Construye internacionalismo!Me pregunto qué habría ayudado a Corbyn – qué habría marcado la diferencia. Que habría enviado un mensaje que hubiera sido interpretado como:“No nos vamos a voltear en contra los trabajadores migrantes o los trabajadores fuera de nuestros límites geográficos”.Quizás Corbyn debería ir a París porque hay una tremenda huelga general en Francia con miles y miles de trabajadores en las calles de cada ciudad. Sabemos que la huelga es principalmente contra los intentos del Presidente Emmanuel Macron y la burguesía de quitarle los beneficios de jubilación. Algunas personas tendrán que trabajar más tiempo para obtenerlos. Pero hay otros problemas involucrados.Imagínense si los líderes del Partido Laborista hubieran ido a París para decir que todos estamos con los trabajadores franceses. E imaginen si se enviarán delegaciones desde Italia, España, Alemania, Noruega y Polonia para mostrar solidaridad con los trabajadores franceses y su huelga general. Y, aún más, vamos a tener una huelga general en todo el continente para que la unidad burguesa ya no suene en la Unión Europea, sino que significa la unidad de la clase trabajadora.Como dije antes, este tema del internacionalismo puede no parecer tan urgente e importante en este momento, pero eso va a cambiar, especialmente si estalla una guerra en cualquier lugar. A nuestro partido le iría muy bien –si juzgamos nuestros esfuerzos en la historia, si fuéramos el partido principal en el centro del imperialismo mundial y tuviéramos el historial más sólido, no solo en papel y en discursos, sino en acciones, que estuviéramos listos para mostrar la dirección a un nuevo tipo de internacionalismo proletario.En última instancia, la forma de luchar contra el chovinismo y el nacionalismo burgués racista –y estamos hablando de Trump tanto como de Boris Johnson o de cualquiera de los neofascistas en Europa– es luchar utilizando el internacionalismo. Luchar contra el nacionalismo burgués reaccionario con el internacionalismo proletario.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

BENDA, VALENTINA

first_img98, fell asleep in the Lord on the morning of December 21, 2017. Predeceased by her daughter Marianne and husband of 74 years Ted. She worked for Bankers Trust, Manhattan, for 20 years. She is survived by her family: son Mark and his wife Carol Lynn, grandchildren Mark Jr. & his wife Victoria, Craig & his wife Holly and Lara, two great-grandchildren Valentina & Chloe. Also survived by her younger brother Alexander. She loved being a member of Ss. Peter & Paul Orthodox Church, Bayonne and was an active member of the Ladies Guild until 2015. In lieu of flowers, memorial contributions to Ss. Peter & Paul Orthodox Church 98 West 28th St., Bayonne, NJ 07002. Funeral arrangements by KOCH Funeral Home, 691 Avenue C.last_img read more

Digicel Dominica announces two day grassroots cricket clinic

first_imgLocalNewsSports Digicel Dominica announces two day grassroots cricket clinic by: – September 30, 2011 Tweet Sharing is caring! Share General Manager of Digicel Dominica Mr. Richard Stanton presenting package to Mr. Delvin Esprit.Roseau, Dominica: Digicel, proud sponsor of West Indies cricket, today announced the second leg of the Digicel Grassroots Clinic programme which will be held at the Windsor Park Stadium on Saturday 8th and Sunday 9th October 2011. Over 70 under-17 aspiring young cricket players from various secondary schools including North East Comprehensive High School, Portsmouth and Castle Bruce Secondary Schools will be put through their paces during the two-day clinic. All clusters and coaches are expected to participate. Delvin Esprit, Cricket Development Officer of Dominica’s Grassroots Cricket Clinic, said; “The players have been training every Saturday. They are well rounded and have benefited from a number of training initiatives including health care, food and nutrition coaching. The Clinic is a great opportunity with one of the main objectives being to select players to play at the regional under 17 games scheduled to take pace in Trinidad in December 2011.” Digicel Dominica General Manager, Richard Stanton, said; “Our mission at Digicel – as proud sponsors of West Indies cricket since 2004 – is to find new and exciting ways to bring the full experience and excitement of the game to everyone and to provide the necessary resources to help grow West Indies cricket to its true potential so that players and fans alike can enjoy its benefits. As such, we are thrilled to host the second leg of the Digicel Grassroots Cricket Clinic in Dominica, which gives the young players a fantastic chance to develop and improve their cricketing skills. “We would like to thank the Dominica Cricket Association for their support in managing and providing local coaches such as Anderson Burton, Ray Casimir, Thomas Kentish and Kelvin James who are dedicated in assisting the young players,” continued Stanton. The first leg of the Digicel Grassroots Cricket Clinic was held in Dominica in April 2011. A total of 120 U-15 students participated and benefited in the development of their cricket skills. The aspiring U-15 cricketers’ clinic was climaxed with a number of big games held in July at the Benjamin’s Park in Portsmouth. Press ReleaseDigicel Dominicacenter_img Share 152 Views   no discussions Sharelast_img read more

Deery Series is bound for Boone on Memorial Day

first_imgBOONE, Iowa – Still looking for a repeat winner this season, the Deery Brothers Summer Series travels to Boone Speedway for its traditional Memorial Day show next Monday, May 25.Corey Zeitner, defending champion Justin Kay, Joel Callahan and seven-time IMCA Late Model tour champ Jeff Aikey each have single series wins so far. Andy Nezworski, however, has yet to finish outside the top five and brings the point lead to town.The main event at Boone pays $3,000 to win and a minimum of $300 to start. Pit gates open at 2 p.m., the grandstand opens at 3 p.m., hot laps are at 4 p.m. and racing starts at 5 p.m.Grandstand admission is $15 for adults, $7 for students ages 13-17 and free for kids 12 and under when accompanying a paid adult. Pit passes are $30.Forty-two previous Deery events have been held at Boone, 13 of them on Memorial Day.Five of Aikey’s series-leading 64 victories have come at Boone, including the 2013 and 2014 IMCA Speedway Motors Super Nationals fueled by Casey’s main events. Gary Webb is a four-time Super Nationals champion and Ray Guss Jr. counts last year’s Memorial Day checkers among four career Boone Speedway wins of his own.Completing the holiday program at Boone are IMCA Sunoco Stock Cars, Karl Chevrolet Northern SportMods and IMCA Sunoco Hobby Stocks, running for all applicable points.More information is available from promoter Robert Lawton at 515 987-1220 and at the www.raceboone.com website.Deery Brothers Summer Series top 20 point standings – 1. Andy Nezworski, Buffalo, 188; 2. Justin Kay, Wheatland, 180; 3. Corey Zeitner, Omaha, Neb., 169; 4. Joel Callahan, Dubuque, 167; 5. Scott Fitzpatrick, Wheatland, 165; 6. Tyler Bruening, Decorah, 152; 7. Jeff Aikey, Cedar Falls, 145; 8. Joe Zrostlik, Long Grove, 141; 9. John Emerson, Waterloo, 138; 10. Todd Malmstrom, Silvis, Ill., 137; 11. Charlie McKenna, Clear Lake, 134; 12. Andy Eckrich, Oxford, 128; 13. Jeremy Grady, Story City, 120; 14. Brian Harris, Davenport, 118; 15. Matt Ryan, Davenport, 113; 16. Darrel DeFrance, Marshalltown, 107; 17. Ryan Dolan, Lisbon, 101; 18. Curt Martin, Independence, 91; 19. Brunson Behning, Davenport, 88; 20. Jason Rauen, Farley, 86.last_img read more

49ers will attend Colin Kaepernick’s workout, league source says

first_img— NFL345 (@NFL345) November 14, 2019The Niners are in a bit of a pinch here PR-wise: They … The 49ers will see an old friend in Atlanta Saturday.A league source confirmed to Bay Area News Group’s Cam Inman that the 49ers will attend Colin Kaepernick’s Saturday workout.The Niners are one of at least 12 teams who will be watching the former Pro Bowler. They’ll be joined by the Patriots, Jets, Giants, Broncos and more, according to a release from the NFL.pic.twitter.com/jPHmbJnBSQlast_img read more

Your Willingness To Succeed

first_imgAre you willing to do what is necessary to succeed?Are you willing to take the first step alone? Are you willing to begin your journey by yourself?Are you willing to start earlier and stay later? Are you willing to begin your day before anyone else? Are you willing to keep working after everyone else has stopped?Are you willing to study your craft? Are you willing to keep learning, to keep searching for the distinctions that only the master can make? Is good enough not good enough?Are you willing to ignore the voice in your head that tells you that what you are doing isn’t good enough? Are you willing to ignore the voices of the critics that will only point to your flaws and keep on?Are you willing to keep working towards your goal when there is no shred of evidence that you are making progress? Are you willing to keep going when a rational person would have long ago given up?Are you willing to make adjustments to what you are doing? Are you willing to be infinitely flexible in your approach, even when it means that you aren’t going to reach your goal the way that you hoped to?Are you willing to ask? Are you willing to ask other people for help? Are you willing to pick up the phone?Are you willing to believe? Are you willing to keep the faith through the dark times when what you are doing isn’t producing the results you want and when your actions are actually moving you away from your goals?Anyone can do what is necessary to succeed. But very few will. Are you willing? Essential Reading! Get my first book: The Only Sale Guide You’ll Ever Need “The USA Today bestseller by the star sales speaker and author of The Sales Blog that reveals how all salespeople can attain huge sales success through strategies backed by extensive research and experience.” Buy Nowlast_img read more

Why I Wrote The Only Sales Guide You’ll Ever Need

first_imgMy book, The Only Sales Guide You’ll Ever Need, will be published on October 11th, 2016.The first publisher that reached out to me asking me to write a book didn’t want the book I wanted to write. They didn’t understand why I started the book with a chapter on self-discipline. In their view, the book only got worse. They wanted to know what things like optimism, caring, initiative, and resourcefulness were doing in a book on sales. I wanted to know how they couldn’t understand why these attributes were important, so I asked them if they ever sold or managed a sales team. Unfortunately, they hadn’t.To be fair, they expected a book written by a consultant to help win new consulting clients. They thought the audience should be different, and therefore the book made no sense to them.A second publisher that reached out to me pitched me on writing a book. They didn’t really care what the book was about. They cared mostly about how many books I thought I could sell, and how willing I was to commit to buying thousands of books from them myself.I argued that they really didn’t pitch me with a good value proposition. They said that their imprint was impressive, that it would give me credibility. I couldn’t think of a single book I ever bought that I bought because of the imprint, and I buy a lot of books.Going It AloneI wanted to write the book I wanted to write. With a couple of unimpressive conversations under my belt, I decided to publish the book myself.I wrote the book. Next, I hired a professional editor to edit the book with me. Editing is a painful process. In the first chapter, I used the words “dream clients” four times. His note said, “Am I supposed to know what this means? If I don’t know, how will the reader know?” I told him the people who read my blog would know what I mean when I say “dream clients.” He made me define it the first time it appears in the book.This went on for 18 more chapters, and the book was greatly improved. When we finished, we started over.I loaded the manuscript up on Createspace, and I began working through the process of self-publishing. Now I had total control.With a Little Help From My FriendsSix weeks before publishing, I received a direct message on Twitter from an editor at Portfolio asking me why I hadn’t written a book. I explained that I had spoken with a couple of publishers, but I didn’t find the value proposition compelling, so I decided to go it alone. He asked if he might share a few ideas about how I might improve my results, and I agreed to connect.We scheduled a call. He hated the title. He hated the subtitle. He wasn’t exactly sure that my book fulfilled its title’s promise with what was inside the covers. He told me if the book did well, he’d give me a deal on the next book. I told him I valued his advice, and that he should read the book and tell me everything I got wrong, and I would do my best to improve upon it.Six days later he sent me a two-book deal. He said that he didn’t expect to like the book nearly as much as he did. Portfolio has been an exceptional partner, and because they publish sales books, they totally understood the book and why I wrote it.Between the CoversThe book is made up of two halves. The first half of the book is made up of nine elements that, when mastered, will help you become someone worth buying from. The second half is made up of the eight skills you need to succeed in sales now.I wrote this book for salespeople. I wanted to write a book that would help salespeople improve their results. If you want to do the work to produce better results, this book will be your guide. You can do the work alone, if necessary. You can also get a free workbook to help you.If you are sales manager, this book will give you a new lens through which to view the individuals that make up your team. You will be able to quickly identify the areas where the individuals on your team need improvement, and how you can help them. There are also videos and tele-seminars available that you can use for team meetings when you pre-order.If you are a leader, you are going to want this book for your managers and their people. You are also going to want to use it as a hiring guide and an on-boarding guide for sales operations and training.If you are interested in preordering the book, there are amazing bonus offers for you here: preorder.theonlysalesguide.com.last_img read more

Usain Bolt hanging up boots on football dream

first_imgSEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte LATEST STORIES “The sports life is over, so I’m now moving into different businesses, I have a lot of things in the pipeline, so as I say, I’m just dabbling in everything and trying to be a business man now.”Bolt was speaking as he handed over a $1 million cheque to help fund Jamaica’s team at the Special Olympics World Summer Games in the United Arab Emirates in March.The star of the Beijing, London and Rio de Janeiro Olympics meanwhile said he was concerned at failure of a new generation of Jamaican sprinters to emerge following his 2017 retirement.Bolt questioned whether young athletes in Jamaica handed lucrative contracts were being given too much too soon.“A lot of these athletes I think it’s much easier now for them,” he said. ADVERTISEMENT Fifa 98’s Usain Bolt reacts during an exhibition football match between France’s 1998 World Cup’s French football national team and FIFA 98 composed with former international players, to mark the 20th anniversary of France’s 1998 World Cup victory, on June 12, 2018 at the U Arena in Nanterre, near Paris. (Photo by Thomas SAMSON / AFP)Usain Bolt is giving up on his dream of forging a career as a professional footballer following his try-out last year with Australian side Central Coast Mariners.In remarks reported by Jamaican media outlets on Tuesday, the eight-time Olympic sprint champion said he had drawn a line under his hopes of playing football as a professional.ADVERTISEMENT ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes US judge bars Trump’s health insurance rule for immigrants Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. 1 point away, Serena Williams stunned by Karolina Pliskova at Australian Open View commentscenter_img Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town MOST READ PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Grace Poe files bill to protect govt teachers from malicious accusations The 32-year-old athletics icon had told reporters last month he had not given up hope of becoming a footballer.However at an event in Kingston on Monday, Bolt said he now planned to concentrate on his business career.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine ‍football chiefSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool stars“I don’t want to say it wasn’t dealt with properly, but I think we went about it, not the way we should and you learn your lesson, you live and you learn,” he was quoted by Television Jamaica as saying.“It was a good experience. I really enjoyed just being in a team and it was must different from track and field and it was fun while it lasted. Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town “When we were coming up it was a struggle, we didn’t get big contracts when we left high school.“I think a lot of the athletes aren’t motivated any more. When they leave high school and they get a big contract they are happy with whatever.”Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Lacson backs proposal to elect president and vice president in tandemlast_img read more

School-age children development

first_imgDefinitionSchool-age child development describes the expected physical, emotional, and mental abilities of children ages 6 – 12.InformationPHYSICAL DEVELOPMENTSchool-age children usually have smooth and strong motor skills. However, their coordination (especially eye-hand), endurance, balance, and physical abilities vary.Fine motor skills may also vary widely. These skills can affect a childs ability to write neatly, dress appropriately, and perform certain chores, such as making beds or doing dishes.There will be big differences in height, weight, and build among children of this age range. It is important to remember that genetic background, as well as nutrition and exercise, may affect a childs growth.A sense of body image begins developing around age 6. Sedentary habits in school-aged children are linked to a risk of obesity and heart disease in adults. Children in this age group should get1 hour of physical activity per day.There can also be a big difference in the age at which children begin to develop secondary sexual characteristics. For girls, secondary sex characteristics include:Breast developmentUnderarm and pubic hair growthFor boys, they include:Growth of underarm, chest, and pubic hairGrowth of testicles and penisSCHOOLBy age 5, most children are ready to start learning in a school setting. The first few years focus on learning the fundamentals.In 3rd grade, the focus becomes more complex. Reading becomes more about the content than identifying letters and words.An ability to pay attention is important for success both at school and at home. A 6-year-old should be able to focus on a task for at least 15 minutes. By age 9, a child should be able to focus attention for about an hour.It is important for the child to learn how to deal with failure or frustration without losing self-esteem. There are many causes of school failure including: learning disabilities such a reading disability, stressors such as bulling and mental health issues such as anxiety or depression. If you suspect any of these causes, talk to your child’s teacher or health care provider.advertisementLANGUAGE DEVELOPMENTEarly school-age children should be able to use simple, but complete sentences that average five to seven words. As the child goes through the elementary school years, grammar and pronunciation become normal. Children use more complex sentences as they grow.Language delays may be due to hearing or intelligence problems. In addition, children who are unable to express themselves well may be more likely to have aggressive behavior or temper tantrums.A 6-year-old child normally can follow a series of three commands in a row. By age 10, most children can follow five commands in a row. Children who have a problem in this area may try to cover it up with backtalk or clowning around. They will rarely ask for help because they are afraid of being teased.BEHAVIORFrequent physical complaints (such as sore throats, tummy aches, arm or leg pain) may simply be due to a childs increased body awareness. Although there is often no physical evidence for such complaints, the complaints should be investigated to rule out possible health conditions, and to assure the child that the parent is concerned about his or her well-being.Peer acceptance becomes more important during the school-age years. Children may take part in certain behaviors to be part of “the group.” Talking about these behaviors with your child will allow the child to feel accepted in the group, without crossing the boundaries of the familys behavior standards.Friendships at this age tend to be mainly with members of the same sex. In fact, younger school-age children often talk about members of the opposite sex as being “strange” or “awful.” Children become less negative about the opposite sex as they get closer to adolescence.Lying, cheating, and stealing are all examples of behaviors that school-age children may “try on” as they learn how to negotiate the expectations and rules placed on them by family, friends, school, and society. Parents should deal with these behaviors privately (so that the childs friends dont tease them). Parents should show forgiveness, and punish in a way that is related to the behavior.It is important for the child to learn how to deal with failure or frustration without losing self-esteem.SAFETYSafety is important for school-age children.School-age children are highly active. They need physical activity and peer approval, and want to try more daring and adventurous behaviors.Children should be taught to play sports in appropriate, safe, supervised areas, with proper equipment and rules. Bicycles, skateboards, in-line skates, and other types of recreational sports equipment should fit the child. They should be used only while following traffic and pedestrian rules, and while using safety equipment such as knee, elbow, wrist pads/braces, and helmets. Sports equipment should not be used at night or in extreme weather conditions.Swimming and water safety lessons may help prevent drowning.Safety instruction regarding matches, lighters, barbecues, stoves, and open fires can prevent major burns.Wearing seat belts is the most important way to prevent major injury or death from a motor vehicle accident.PARENTING TIPSadvertisementIf your childs physical development appears to be outside the norm, talk to your health care provider.If language skills appear to be lagging, request a speech and language evaluation.Keep close communication with teachers, other school employees, and parents of your childs friends so you are aware of possible problems.Encourage children to express themselves openly and talk about concerns without fear of punishment.While encouraging children to participate in a variety of social and physical experiences, be careful not to over-schedule free time. Free play or simple, quiet time is important so the child does not always feel pushed to perform.Children today are exposed, through the media and their peers, to many issues dealing with violence, sexuality, and substance abuse. Discuss these issues openly with your children to share concerns or correct misconceptions. You may need to set limits to ensure children will be exposed to certain issues only when they are ready.Encourage children to participate in constructive activities such as sports, clubs, arts, music, and scouts. Staying inactive at this age increases the risk of lifetime obesity. However, it is important not to over-schedule your child. Try to find a balance between family time, school work, free play, and structured activities.School-age children should participate in family chores such as setting the table and cleaning up.Limit screen time (television and other media) to 2 hours a day.ReferencesFeigelman S. Middle childhood. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 11.Review Date:11/9/2012Reviewed By:Jennifer K. Mannheim, ARNP, Medical Staff, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Health, Seattle Childrens Hospital. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, David R. Eltz, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.last_img read more