KLM pension funds profit from overweighting of equities

first_imgAn overweight position in equity holdings – at the expense of government bonds – added the most value to returns at the three KLM pension funds in 2013, according to Mark Burbach, CIO at their asset manager Blue Sky Group.The three schemes, with combined assets of €15.5bn, delivered annual returns of between 1.4% and 2%, with fourth-quarter results ranging from 1.5% to 1.6%. The best performing asset class was equity, generating up to 18.2% during the year.“Although we had expected an outperformance for equity, the degree of consistency of our risk on trade took us by surprise,” Burbach said. He added that Pacific and North American equities accounted for most to the results, and noted that the regions’ frontier markets made strong comeback last year.European low-volatility equity also performed very well over the period, he said.Blue Sky’s CIO said the €2.1bn pension fund for cabin staff was reviewing investments in sustainable equity, following returns of no more than 6.9% and high costs.“Therefore, it has decided to disinvest from sector-specific funds, such as microfinance and alternative energy,” he told IPE.Following rising interest rates, the three KLM schemes – for pilots, cabin staff and ground crew, respectively – lost up to 8% on their fixed income portfolios.Burbach said the performance of euro-denominated government bonds had been the worst since 1986.Overweight positions in US high-yield credit contributed positively, while emerging market debt – denominated in US dollars and local currencies – generated significantly better returns than developed-country government bonds.The KLM schemes reported returns of up to 13% on Asian property and 14% on private property investments in the US.Private and listed real estate in Europe returned 10% and 7%, respectively.Due to rising interest rates and improving equity markets, the pension funds’ 50% interest-risk hedge caused losses of up to 1.8%, while the schemes also lost up to 1.1% on their equity cover.The pension funds saw their coverage ratios improve to 123% (cabin staff), 122% (ground staff) and 132.8% (pilots) last year.last_img read more

The truth about ‘medical marijuana’

first_imgNIDA for Teens website is a project of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), National Institutes of Health (NIH). Created for middle and high school students and their teachers, this website provides accurate and timely information for use in and out of the classroom. (US)Family First Comment:  Politicians and the Drug Foundation should be forced to read this excellent summary from the USA’s National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) and National Institutes of Health (NIH) before trumpeting law changes.What’s Wrong With “Medical Marijuana”?This is the first post of a 3-part series on the science of medical marijuana.  Check out Part 2: Making Medicine From Marijuana, and Part 3: Medicines or Poisons?—Why Cannabinoids Can Both Help and Hurt You.Before modern medical science, most medicines were raw herbs or herbal concoctions of one sort or another. They sometimes helped patients, but those benefits weren’t very powerful by today’s standards, and they often had a lot of unpredictable or even dangerous side effects. That’s because all plants contain hundreds or thousands of different chemicals. If you eat or smoke the leaves of any plant, you are putting all those chemicals in your body, and the results can be unpredictable.Marijuana is no different.Still, there is growing public support for “medical marijuana,” based on anecdotal evidence (that is, from individual people’s personal experience) that the drug might be useful in treating various diseases, including PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder), pain, and epilepsy.Voters in 23 states have now passed laws allowing marijuana to be dispensed to patients, as long as they receive permission from a doctor.Why Doesn’t the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Approve “Medical Marijuana”?Turns out, there’s very little scientific evidence that smoking or eating marijuana is effective and safe for treating any medical issues. Scientific evidence would have to come from carefully controlled research studies.Since there’s no science to back it up, the FDA has not approved smoked or vaporized marijuana for the treatment of any medical condition.The FDA only approves medicines when large studies examining lots of patients (called clinical trials) show that the medicines work safely. Without these studies, the FDA can’t promise people that the medications will help them and not harm them.So why haven’t there been clinical trials on marijuana?Because marijuana is a raw herb. There are over 500 different chemicals in marijuana, in combinations that vary widely between different strains and even from plant to plant. This causes serious problems trying to use the whole marijuana leaf, or crude extracts like hash oil, as medicine:It’s hard to deliver precise, accurate doses of the right chemicals;It can harm the lungs if users smoke it; andIt causes additional effects—like the “high”—that may interfere with the quality of life of patients taking the drug for serious medical conditions.Plus, when used by teens or children, it could even harm their brains as they develop.Today, there are almost no approved medicines that are whole herbs. Although it’s not impossible, it would be very unusual if marijuana became an exception.So how can we discover and use marijuana’s medical benefits without the harms?Making Medicine From Marijuana This is the second post of a 3-part series on the science of medical marijuana.  Check out Part 1: What’s Wrong With “Medical Marijuana”? and Part 3: Medicines or Poisons?—Why Cannabinoids Can Both Help and Hurt You.What people usually mean by “medical marijuana” is use of an unprocessed (raw) plant to treat illness—or herbal medicine, in other words. Unprocessed means the leaves, stems, or seeds are just taken off the plant and used.Before the 20th century, that’s mostly what medicine was.But science has made a lot of progress in the last several decades, and generally it hasn’t looked back. It’s because we now have ways of picking out the specific chemicals that are useful from plants and putting just those parts in a pill, without all the unwanted chemicals that might cause side effects or even be toxic.This is what a lot of scientists are busy doing right now with marijuana—trying to figure out which chemicals in the plant really are useful in treating health problems and then finding ways to deliver them safely and effectively to patients to treat their conditions.Turning Marijuana into MedicineAt the last count, scientists have found over 500 separate chemicals in the marijuana plant. The main chemical that gives users the “high” is tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, but there are over 100 other chemicals in marijuana that have a similar molecular structure to THC. This family of chemical compounds is called cannabinoids.So far, there are two FDA-approved medications containing THC for treating nausea and appetite problems caused by cancer chemotherapy and AIDS. Other drugs with THC in them have been approved already in other countries for treating symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS) and are now being carefully tested before being approved in the United States.Another marijuana chemical is cannabidiol, or CBD. News reports have highlighted some families who are living in states where medical marijuana is legal so their children with bad forms of epilepsy can get special high-CBD marijuana extracts to help control seizures.These extracts probably still contain other, possibly harmful ingredients. But a medicine only containing CBD is now being tested in the United States. If the science finds that CBD really is a good treatment for seizures, eventually patients may be able to take that or another safe, CBD-based medication. This could help people get the safe treatment they need.Cannabinoids and Other DiseasesLots of different cannabinoid chemicals are being studied to see whether they have beneficial effects on conditions ranging from addictions and other mental health problems to pain and other serious conditions. Most are still a long way from being studied in humans and going on to become medications.Medicines or Poisons?—Why Cannabinoids Can Both Help and Hurt YouThis is the final post of a 3-part series on the science of medical marijuana. Check out Part 1: What’s Wrong with “Medical Marijuana”? and Part 2: Making Medicine from Marijuana.People who write about the health benefits of marijuana sometimes think it’s ironic that a plant containing compounds that could treat disease (like THC or CBD) is banned by the government for being unsafe. But in fact many effective, FDA-approved medicines are closely related to illegal, harmful drugs and are sometimes even made from the same sources.That’s because there’s a fine (and sometimes fuzzy) line between chemicals that are good for you and those that can hurt or even kill you. In fact, the Greek word pharmakon, where we get pharmacy, originally meant both “medicine” and “poison.”Speaking the Body’s LanguageThe opium poppy is a great example. It’s the source of a drug called morphine, part of a class of drugs called opioids.  Morphine is used to make heroin—a very addictive and sometimes deadly drug. But it is also modified and used to make many effective, relatively safe pain relievers prescribed widely by doctors and dentists. In fact, these opioids are our most valuable drugs for pain relief.Another example is cocaine, from the coca plant. It is part of a class of drugs called stimulants. Cocaine is an especially dangerous, addictive stimulant, but it is closely related to medications used to treat people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and other conditions. It is also used sometimes as an anesthetic.The thing that makes a drug a drug is the ability to speak the body’s language—specifically, to interact with one of the many chemical signaling systems that cells use to talk to each other. Both heroin and cocaine are able to do that, fluently.Same with marijuana: Its cannabinoid chemicals speak the body’s own endocannabinoid language.Parlez-Vous Endocannabinoid?Nerve cells use chemicals called neurotransmitters to send each other messages, and there are several different kinds of neurotransmitters. Similar chemicals in plants or in foods can interact with these neurotransmitter systems because their molecules are very similar to the ones produced naturally in the human body.Morphine from the poppy plant is able to work in your nervous system because it closely resembles your body’s own natural pain-relieving opioid chemicals—the endorphins that cause a “runner’s high.” (The “endo” in endorphin or endocannabinoid means “from inside”—that is, inside your body.)Cocaine and related stimulants work with your own neurotransmitter dopamine, which naturally keeps you focused on rewarding activities.And the THC in marijuana interacts with the endocannabinoid signaling system used by the body’s own cannabinoid chemicals—such as anandamide—in brain circuits that control a wide range of things including pleasure, memory, thinking, concentration, movement, coordination, and even how you perceive time. That’s why THC is able to interfere with these abilities when people smoke marijuana either to get high or to treat a medical condition.The endocannabinoid system also is involved in things like appetite and pain, which is why THC has been made into an effective medication for helping treat nausea and loss of appetite in AIDS and cancer-chemotherapy patients.  And it is why it may, in the future, be prescribed for treating pain as well.So, there’s nothing special about marijuana: It’s one of many plants that contain substances that can be both beneficial and harmful, depending on how they are used.https://teens.drugabuse.gov/blog/post/what-s-wrong-medical-marijuana https://teens.drugabuse.gov/blog/post/making-medicine-marijuana https://teens.drugabuse.gov/blog/post/medicines-or-poisons-why-cannabinoids-can-both-help-and-hurt-youlast_img read more

Trump’s travel ban targets Nigeria, 5 other countries

first_imgUnited States (US) President Donald Trump delivers remarks at the White House Summit on Human Trafficking in Washington, US, on Jan. 31. REUTERS/LEAH MILLIS WASHINGTON – United States PresidentDonald Trump issued an expanded version of his travel ban on Friday thattargets prospective immigrants from Nigeria and five other countries. The new travel ban will take effect onFeb. 21, according to the proclamation.(Reuters) Acting Homeland Security secretaryChad Wolf said the six countries failed to meet US security andinformation-sharing standards, which necessitated the new restrictions.  Temporary visas for tourists, businesspeople,students and workers from those nations will not be affected, it added. The original travel ban barred nearlyall immigrants and travelers from seven countries with majority Muslimpopulations. The US will suspend the issuance ofvisas that can lead to permanent residency for nationals of Eritrea,Kyrgyzstan, Myanmar, and Nigeria, a presidential proclamation said. last_img read more

Guptill’s absence, a big gap to fill, says Emrit

first_imgNEW skipper of the Guyana Amazon Warriors, Rayad Emrit, admitted that Martin Guptill’s absence from the squad for the remainder of the 2017 Hero Caribbean Premier League Twenty20 tournament is a big gap to fill.Guptill, the New Zealander opening batsman, has returned to New Zealand for a family health matter unrelated to the impending birth of his first child.The 30-year-old has been captaining the Guyana Amazon Warriors in the Twenty20 tournament, but will miss the remainder of the competition.Martin GuptillHe and wife Laura McGoldrick are expecting their first child – a girl – next month, but it is understood that the health matter involves another Guptill family member.“It’s definitely a big gap to fill, last year we had to do it as well, but I think we are in good shape now … we won two games at home, and hopefully we can carry that momentum to Barbados.“We need to take one game at a time … that’s what we did in the last two games, take one game at a time, and if we play the cricket we know we can play, I think we can get over the line, but we have Barbados (Tridents) to play on Tuesday, and that’s our main focus now,” Emrit revealed yesterday after he was appointed to lead the Warriors for the remainder of the league.Meanwhile, retired New Zealand batsman Luke Ronchi has been roped in as Guptill’s replacement.The wicketkeeper-batsman, who quit international cricket in June this year, has just finished a stint with English club Leicestershire. He became available after the side was eliminated from the ongoing T20 Blast in a nine-wicket quarterfinal loss to Glamorgan.Ronchi smashed 429 runs in 15 matches for Leicestershire, including three half-centuries, at an average of 33 and a strike rate of 180.25.On Ronchi’s recruitment, Emrit said “Ronchi has been in some good form in the T20 Blast and that’s why we thought he will be a good addition to the team. He is excited at the top of the order, and I still think that’s the impetus that we need at the top of the order.Chadwick (Walton) and Sohail (Tanvir) have done it in the last two games and if he (Ronchi) can come in and do the same thing it will be less pressure for the guys in the lower order and back end of the innings; so hopefully he can get it right and score some runs for us when he comes in and makes it easy for us as batters”.On the other hand Emrit, the Trinidadian, said while the Warriors will be aiming to secure a third straight victory in order to boost their playoffs chances, playing the Tridents at home will be challenging.“Our bowling unit has been doing excellent for us throughout the tournament, and I think if we continue doing what we doing, we on the right step. Having said that, I know it’s going to be a good battle, a tough battle. We know playing in Barbados will be tough, but Guyana Amazon Warriors went to Barbados before and defeated them as well, so I think we are on a high. But the most important thing is to be consistent and hopefully we can go over there and play the consistent cricket we played the last two games,” he concluded.The Warriors, with two key round-robin encounters remaining, have for the first time in CPL history found themselves in such a complicated position.They must win both their games against Barbados Tridents on Tuesday (August 29), and Jamaica Tallawhas on Friday (September 1), if they stand a chance of qualifying for the playoffs.Trinbago Knight Riders and St Kitts and Nevis Patriots have already confirmed for the playoffs, which means the battle for the other two places will come from the Warriors, Tridents and the Tallawahs.last_img read more

Storify: Syracuse community reacts to the return of No. 44

first_img Published on May 19, 2015 at 5:02 pm Contact Sam: sjfortie@syr.edu | @Sam4TR The No. 44 has been restored, returning after Syracuse University retired it nearly 10 years ago.The comeback of the legendary number – worn by SU greats such as Ernie Davis, Jim Brown and Floyd Little – drew mixed reactions from the SU community on social media.[<a href=”//storify.com/dailyorange/social-media-reactions” target=”_blank”>View the story “Social media reactions” on Storify</a>] Comments Daily Orange File Photocenter_img Facebook Twitter Google+last_img read more

Shoah starts new web application

first_imgThe United Nations and the USC Shoah Foundation Institute launched iWitness, an interactive Internet application that allows students and educators to retrieve more than 1,000 video testimonies from the Holocaust, on Monday.The application has been in progress since the Shoah Foundation was founded in 1994 by Steven Spielberg to preserve the testimonies of Holocaust survivors. The institute gained more than 50,000 archived testimonies, but developing a plausible method to share the information was its biggest challenge, said Kim Simon, managing director of USC Shoah Foundation institute.“We were founded on the premise by Steven Spielberg after Schindler’s List to gather 52,000 testimonies of survivors and witnesses, and to videotape their life stories before the war, during the war and after the war,” Simon said. “The question of how to get access was a quest, but as the Internet became more prominent and important to education, we saw that it would be a responsible and appropriate educational setting.”The development allows students to gain an extensive understanding of the Holocaust that would be limited by learning solely through a textbook.“By searching and receiving, the student will have the ability to operate or engage in an intersection of the story and the video,” Simon said. “They are adding their own voice because they can record their narration that expresses what it means to them.”Through the video testimonies, the viewer is given a different perspective on the history of the Holocaust.“The video is an immediacy that allows them to not only see the faces but also hear the voices,” Simon said. “It’s from a personal point of view because they are connected with something that is very human, and that’s unique.”Currently iWitness focuses on the Holocaust, but the institute is already planning to add testimonies from the Armenian, Rwandan and Cambodian genocides to the archive.“We are interested in broadening and expanding the scope of testimony,” Simon said. “The archive will continue to expand.”last_img read more

After competing at the U20 World Championships, Laura Dickinson adjusts to collegiate running

first_img Comments At the Virginia Challenge last April, Laura Dickinson felt crowded as she approached an upcoming hurdle. She was in unfamiliar territory — caught in the middle of a pack with bodies all around her. She was closed-in. She felt off-balance. Dickinson lifted her leg to clear the steeple, tripped, and landed in a face-plant.At the time, Dickinson was relatively new to Syracuse. It was just her second collegiate race after competing internationally for Canada, and she was still adjusting to college life, a new training routine, and a new setting.Five months later, Dickinson looked back on her fall and laughed. She isn’t embarrassed about it. She just won’t forget it.“With every race that you run, you learn a little bit about yourself,” Dickinson said. “Each experience is another way to learn how to be good.”The gap between NCAA running and international running has exposed a tough transition for the redshirt freshman: running as part of a team instead of running as an individual. For the first time, she’s training with 18 other teammates instead of training by herself. She feels less confident when she’s in the middle of a pack, even when surrounded by teammates. Since she arrived at SU in January 2018, Dickinson has had to adapt and evolve.AdvertisementThis is placeholder text“She’s a perfectionist,” said Peter Stuart, her current and longtime coach in Canada. “And so with any sizeable change, she can adapt to it, but it takes her a little bit of time.”Stuart first trained with Dickinson when she was 13 years old. He marveled at her natural abilities as soon as he saw her run. She was light on her feet. Her technique was sound. Stuart saw the same endurance that made her soccer and basketball coaches keep her in for entire games.What impressed Stuart the most, however, was how she handled her training independently. Dickinson couldn’t make all of the scheduled practices because she lived 90 minutes away from where Stuart trained. So at 14 years old, she took it upon herself to keep up with her training.“I really loved it,” Dickinson said. “I loved the idea of being able to push yourself and seeing the direct results from the effort that you put in.”What was a chore for most teenagers became Dickinson’s release. She relished running. She loved the outdoors. After a long day of school, she would look forward to stepping outside and de-stressing with a run.But when she first came to Syracuse in the dead of winter, she completed hour-long runs indoors. She was the only freshman to enroll in January, and she had never been away from her parents for long periods of time.“It was like having a new girl but there was no one around her that was also going through it for the first time,” teammate Rachel Bonner said. “She handled it like a champ and is running really well.”When Dickinson runs alone, she’s in charge of her pace, her training and her individual goals. She’s still the same runner who adjusted to race in the stark conditions of El Salvador and Finland in the IAAF U20 World Championships, less than 24 hours after her plane landed. All her life she had been used to running alone in front of other packs. She was confident. She was in control.But at the Virginia Challenge, she lost it. She feels nervous when not in front. Every day, when she trains with her teammates, she learns to trust herself more when arms and legs surround her.“Being able to work with my teammates every day has been a big thing,” Dickinson said. “I’ve learned to love the process of training with a group.”This year, SU will rely on its depth for results. SU’s top 10 runners all have potential to crack into the top five, Bonner said. They will increasingly rely on different runners stepping up when they’re needed the most.Head coach Brien Bell remains uncertain on how successful this team can be, but sees potential heading into his first season as full-time head coach. He has high expectations for Dickinson’s redshirt freshman season.Dickinson still wants success for herself. Last year, she made the ACC championships for the steeplechase in track and field. She wants to find her ceiling, something she believes she’s yet to reach.Unlike her years competing for Canada, it’s with the team success as her priority.“All of the girls on the team have the goal of team success this year,” Dickinson said. “We all know that we’re going to surprise people and do big things.” Published on October 2, 2018 at 11:39 pm Contact Gabe: gkstern@syr.edu | @gabestern326center_img Facebook Twitter Google+last_img read more

Tipp FM wins National award for camogie coverage.

first_imgTipp FM has won a top national award for its extensive camogie coverage.The radio station entered the highly competitive Annual Camogie Awards and came out on top scooping the Best Media Innovation accolade.Tipp FM General Manager Susan Murphy gave her reaction to the stations win in the Annual Camogie Awards. Photo © Tipp FM & Denis Vahey Photography The honours have been running for over a decade – this was Tipp FM’s first year to enter the competition.The station is very proud to sponsor the Tipp Senior Camogie team but Susan Murphy says the feeling was that a lot more could be done to promote the game.Tipp FM’s coverage of Camogie on air has been added to with promotion on our digital media platforms as well as a county wide billboard campaign featuring members of the senior team.Chairperson of the Tipperary Camogie Board Bridget Bourke says the game now has a much higher profile in the county.The award will be presented to Tipp FM at a special ceremony in Croke Park later this month.While the Tipp Camogie Senior team is naturally the one in the spotlight – Susan Murphy says the award is about so much more.last_img read more

Nigeria-Ukraine Friendly, Bonaventure  Replaces Onyekuru

first_imgNigeria Manager, Gernot Rohr, has called up Club Brugge forward Dennis Bonaventure as a replacement for Monaco’s Henry Onyekuru.The Super Eagles are scheduled to take on Ukraine in an international friendly fixture at the Dnipro Arena on Tuesday.Onyekuru became the latest player to withdraw from next week’s encounter after Wilfred Ndidi and Tyronne Ebuehi opted out in order to recover from their injuries, while Kenneth Omeruo continues to process his work permit in Spain. The 22-year-old, who joined Monaco from Everton permanently this summer, cited his inability to secure a resident permit as the reason for withdrawal from the encounter.“It is true that I won’t be available for the match against Ukraine next week due to resident permit,” Onyekuru told AOI Football.“I only arrived here less than a month and I’m yet to get my resident card, so if I leave now I won’t be able to return and will then have to apply for another visa to fly back to France.”Bonaventure joins Rangers midfielder Joe Aribo, Bordeaux forward Josh Maja and Fortuna Dusseldorf goalkeeper Maduka Okoye as the new invitees who will be aiming to make their Super Eagles debuts against Andriy Shevchenko’s men.Saudi Arabia-based Captain Ahmed Musa pulled out of the trip on Thursday night as a result of an injury that has failed to heal as quickly as he expected, adding to the earlier forced withdrawals of defenders Kenneth Omeruo and Tyronne Ebuehi, midfielder Wilfred Ndidi and Onyekuru.  Italy-based defender William Ekong and England-based midfielder Oghenekaro Etebo are expected to lead the delegation of Super Eagles’ playing body into Dnipro, Ukraine on Saturday, ahead of Tuesday’s international friendly match with the host country’s senior team.It is the first outing for the three-time African champions since they finished third at the Africa Cup of Nations held in Egypt. The Dnipro Arena, which is home ground to top club, FC Dnipro, is a 31,000-capacity facility that was opened in September 2008 and situated in the city of Dnipro, the third-largest city in Ukraine after the capital city Kyiv and Kharkiv.Ukraine is rated number 25 on the FIFA ranking while Nigeria is 33rd.  Meanwhile, Italian official Paolo Valeri has been appointed as referee for the international friendly between Ukraine and Nigeria at the Dnipro Arena.Alessandro Costanzo and Stefano Alassio will join Valeri as the assistant referee, while the duties of the fourth official will be performed by Ukrainian Vitaliy Romanov.Last season, Valeri officiated two games involving Udinese in which Super Eagles star William Troost-Ekong featured and the good news is that the Nigerian did not receive a booking in both matches.The last time he refereed a game involving an African country was in 2016 when Congo DR were held to a 1-1 draw by Romania in a friendly.Twenty-five Ukrainian players are preparing for the European Championship qualifier against Lithuania on September 7 and three days later they face Nigeria.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegramlast_img read more

Jamaica Wins in International Ice Hockey Tournament Debut in South Florida

first_imgSOUTH FLORIDA – Playing in their first international ice-hockey international tournament at the Florida Panthers ice den located at 3299 Sportsplex drive in Coral Springs, on Friday, Florida Jamaica’s men ice-hockey team were convincing winners defeating Colombia 5 – 0 in their first game and later defeating Argentina 8 – 4. The Jamaicans continued their winning style on Saturday when they convincingly defeated Brazil 7-0, and on Sunday defeating Mexico 6-0.Finishing on top of the Men Division 1 group the Jamaicans scored 26 goals with only 4 goals scored against them. Jamaican goalkeeper Anson Thornton lead the leader board as the goalkeeper with the best save percentage, and shutouts.For many people it may be difficult to associate Jamaica, a tropical nation, with ice-hockey; field hockey, yes, but ice-hockey? But on Friday the Jamaicans proved that they are a formidable, talented team on skates and on ice-making their debut in the Amerigil-Latam tournament. In 2014, Jamaica was granted associate member status in the international ice hockey federation (IIHF) and since has developed a talented under-age 20 team which have been playing regularly in Canada.Jamaica was invited to compete in the Amerigil-Latam tournament to play against Latin American countries at the senior men’s level. Jamaica is playing in the first division against Venezuela, Colombia, Mexico, Chile, Brazil, and Argentina. Players of Jamaican citizenship and/or descent attended an evaluation camp in Toronto this spring. Players from Canada, USA, and the United Kingdom were evaluated vying for a position and a rare opportunity to represent Jamaica on the ice. Some of the young men from the under 20 team are included in the roster of the team playing in the South Florida tournament.last_img read more